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GARDEN PLANTS
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  Kingiodendron pinnatum
 
  Family: FABACEAE/LEGUMINOSAE (Subfam.: Caesalpinioideae)
  Citation:  Kingiodendron pinnatum (Roxb. ex DC.) Harms in Engl. & Prantl, Naturl. Pflanzenfam. 1(1): 194. 1897; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 412(292). 1919; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 163. 1984; Sanjappa, Legumes Ind. 32. 1992; Subram., Fl. Thenmala Div. 119. 1995; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 165. 1996; Sasidh., Fl. Shenduruny WLS 109. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 123. 1998; Ravikumar & Ved, Illustr. Field Guide 100 Red Listed Med. Pl. 215. 2000; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 326. 2009. Hardwickia pinnata Roxb. ex DC., Prodr. 2: 487. 1825; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 2: 270. 1878.
  Malayalam Name(s): Chukennappayin, Churali, Ennappayin, Kiyavu, Kulavu, Madayan-samranni, Malabar mahogany
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Evergreen trees, to 30 m high, bark 5-8 mm thick, surface greyish-brown with green blotches, rough; exuding a reddish sticky resin. Leaves imparipinnate, alternate; leaflets 5-9, alternate, 4.5-10.5 x 2-4.5 cm, ovate-lanceolate or oblong, apex acuminate, falcate or oblique, margin entire, glabrous, coriaceous; stipules minute, lateral, cauducous; rachis 10-15.2 cm, slender, pulvinate, glabrous; petiolule 5-10 mm, stout, grooved above, glabrous; lateral nerves 8-13,pinnate, slender, prominent, secondary laterals present, intercostae reticulate, prominent. Flowers bisexual, 2-3 mm across, white, in axillary and terminal panicled racemes. Calyx tube almost wanting, lobes 5, broadly ovate, imbricate. Petals 0; disc very small. Stamens 10, equal, filaments filiform, villous at base; anthers versatile. Ovary half inferior, sessile, villous at base; ovules 2; style subulate; stigma minute, oblique. Fruit a pod, 4-5 x 2-2.5 cm, ovate-ellipsoid, turgid, obtusely beaked, prominently veined, dark brown, indehiscent; seed one, pendulous.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: February-December
  District(s): Kollam, Idukki, Thrissur, Kozhikkode, Thiruvananthapuram, Palakkad, Wayanad, Kannur
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Evergreen forests
  Distribution: Southern Western Ghats
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Green, Creamy
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to: Southern Western Ghats
  IUCN status: Endangered (EN)
  Altitude: 500-1200
  Localities: Peechi, Rosemala, Kattalappara, Koruthode, Kalangkunnu
   
 
   
 
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