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  Kigelia africana
 
  Family: BIGNONIACEAE
  Citation:  Kigelia africana (Lam.) Benth. in Hook., Niger Fl. 463. 1849; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 339. 1994. Bignonia africana Lam., Encycl. 1: 424. 1785. Kigelia pinnata (Jacq.) DC., Prodr. 9: 247. 1845; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 1000(703). 1924. Crescentia pinnata Jacq., Coll. Bot. 203. t. 18. 1789.
  Malayalam Name(s): Sivakundalam
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Sausage tree
  Description: Trees, to 15 m high. Leaves imparipinnate, opposite or three at a node, clustered towards the apex of branchlets, estipulate; rachis 14-30 cm long, stout, swollen at the base, glabrous; leaflets 5-9, opposite; petiolule of lateral leaflets 1-2 mm those of terminal leaflet 1-1.5 cm, stout, glabrous; lamina 6-16 ×3-7 cm, obovate, oblong, elliptic-oblong or obovate-oblong, base obliquely acute, round or cordate, apex obtuse and mucronate, margin entire, glabrous, glaucous beneath, coriaceous; lateral nerves 7-11 pairs, pinnate, prominent, intercostae reticulate, prominent. Flowers bisexual, in 20-40 cm long axillary pendulous panicles; calyx 3 × 1.5 cm, campanulate, 2-lipped; corolla 6 cm across, dark purple with yellow stripes, campanulate; tube 3.5 cm; lobes 5, 4 cm, broadly triangular-ovate; stamens 4; filaments ca. 4 cm long; anthers sagittate, 1 cm; ovary superior, 1 cm, 1-celled; style 10 cm long; stigma broadly ovate. Fruit 30-45 × 8-15 cm, muddy brown, scurfy flakes present, indehiscent.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: Throughout the year
  District(s): All Districts
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Grown as ornamental tree
  Distribution: Africa; introduced in the tropics as ornamental tree
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Pink, Red
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: Yes
  Garden: Yes
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude:
  Localities:
   
 
   
 
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