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  Juncus effusus
 
  Family: JUNCACEAE
  Citation:  Juncus effusus L., Sp. Pl. 326. 1753; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 6: 392. 1892; Shetty et al., Bull. Bot. Surv. India 14: 20. 1972.
  Malayalam Name(s):
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Corkscrew Rush, Spiral Rush, Soft Rush
  Description: Culms tufted, from a short-jointed, horizontal rhizome, terete, erect, glabrous, to 140 cm tall. Leaves reduced to sheaths; sheaths rounded, to 10 cm, with a caducous awn, closely culm-clasping. Inflorescence of cymes, pseudo-lateral on the stem, solitary, to 4 cm long and 7 cm wide, many flowered; bract to 18 cm long, continuous with the culm. Flowers mostly stalked, but sessile at forks; bracteoles 2, broadly ovate, acute, yellowish, to 0.1 x 0.06 cm. Tepals narrowly ovate-elliptic, acute, subequal, margins transparent; midrib prominent. Stamens usually 3. Ovary obovoid; style short; stigma erect. Capsule obovoid, 3-gonous, to 0.3 x 0.2 cm; seeds numerous, oblong, brownish.
  Habit: Herb
  Flowering & Fruiting: November-April
  District(s): Idukki
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Marshy areas
  Distribution: Cosmopolitan
  Aquatic: Yes
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Yellow, Creamy
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Monocotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude:
  Localities:
   
 
   
 
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