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  Julostylis polyandra
  Citation:  Julostylis polyandra Ravi & Anil Kumar, Journ. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 87: 260. 1990; T.K. Paul in B.D. Sharma & Sanjappa, Fl. India 3: 342. 1993; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 80. 1994; Sivar. & Pradeep, Malvac. Southern Peninsular India 152. 1996; Mohanan & Sivad., Fl. Agasthyamala 98. 2002; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 84. 2005; M. Mohanan & A.V.N. Rao in P. Daniel, Fl. Kerala 1: 427. 2005.
  Malayalam Name(s): Vazhukkal
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Trees, to 15 m; branches stout, terete; young branches stellately rusty tomentose. Leaves simple, simply lobed, alternate, stipulate; stipules 3 mm long, free, lateral, linear, stellate pubescent, caducous; petiole 10-80 mm long, slender, minutely stellate tomentose; lamina 4-21 x 2-18 cm, broadly ovate to rhomboid, weakly 3-angular or occasionally 3-lobed towards apices, base truncate or cuneate, apex acute, margin entire, coriaceous; 5-nerved from base, palmate, prominent, with a nectary at the base of the midrib beneath and sometimes also on the basal nerves, lateral nerves 3-4 pairs, pinnate, regular, prominent, intercostae scalariform, prominent. Flowers bisexual, yellow, in terminal compact racemes or panicles; pedicels upto 1.5 cm long, minutely stellate pubescent; involucellar bracts 5, 9 x 8 mm, ovate-triangular, connate at base, glabrescent, occasionally with few scattered minute stellate hairs, accrescent; calyx divided to the middle, lobes 5, 6 x 4 mm, ovate-triangular as long as involucellar bracts, minutely stellate tomentose externally and simple hairy internally; corolla yellow with purple centre, 2 cm across; petals 5, 2 x 1 cm narrowly obovate, connate at base, minutely stellate pubescent externally; staminal column 6 mm long, antheriferous towards the middle, 5-toothed at apex, minutely glandular hairy; anthers reniform, 17-20; filaments slender, 6 mm long, sparsely pubescent; ovary superior, ovoid, 2-locular, 2 ovules per locule; style 1.5 cm long, slender, 2-branched towards apex, densely hairy; stigma peltate. Fruit a capsule, indehiscent, compressed globose, shortly beaked, densely stellate hairy with intermingled simple hairs, completely enclosed within calyx; seeds reniform, concentrically striated, brownish-black.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: November-March
  District(s): Pathanamthitta, Thiruvananthapuram, Kollam
  Habitat: Semi-evergreen forests
  Distribution: Southern Western Ghats (Kerala)
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Red
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to: Kerala
  IUCN status: Endangered (EN)
  Altitude: 600-900
  Localities: Ponmudi, Kakki hills, Kallippara, Meenmutty
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