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  Isonandra perrottetiana
  Citation:  Isonandra perrottetiana A. DC. in DC., Prodr. 8: 188. 1844; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 3: 539. 1882; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 761(535). 1921; Ramach. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Cannanore Dist. 263. 1988; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 227. 1998; Pradeep, Fl. Vellarimala 96. 2000; Mohanan & Sivad., Fl. Agasthyamala 412. 2002; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 495. 2009. Isonandra candolleana Wight, Ic. t. 1220. 1850; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 3: 539. 1882; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 761(535). 1921.
  Malayalam Name(s): Karimpala
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Trees, to 10 m high; bark smooth, brown; exudation milky. Leaves simple, alternate, spiral, 5-11 x 2.5-4 cm, elliptic, oblanceolate or obovate-oblong, apex obtuse, acuminate or obtusely acute, base acute, margin entire, recurved, glabrous, coriaceous; petiole 3-7 mm, stout, grooved above, glabrous; lateral nerves 10-12 pairs, pinnate, prominent, intercostae subscalariform. Flowers bisexual, dull-white, in sessile densely packed, axillary fascicles; pedicels 2 mm long, tomentose; bracts and bracteoles obtuse. Sepals 2+2, broadly ovate, very unequal, the exterior much larger, hairy and ciliate. Corolla deeply 4-partite; lobes obovate-oblong, emarginate, longer than the tube. Stamens 8, subequal, attached at the base of the corolla, 1-seriate; anthers oblong-lanceolate, black-hairy at tip; staminodes absent. Ovary superior, densely hairy, 4-celled; style subulate. Fruit a berry, 17 x 10 mm, obovoid, cuspidate, glabrous.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: March-April
  District(s): Kozhikkode, Idukki, Ernakulam, Kannur, Thiruvananthapuram, Wayanad
  Habitat: Evergreen forests
  Distribution: Southern Western Ghats
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): White, Creamy
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to: Southern Western Ghats
  IUCN status:
  Altitude: 1400-1800
  Localities: Vellimala, Brahmagiri, Vellarimala, Pongalapara, Agasthyamala
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