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  Ilex wightiana var. wightiana
  Citation:  Ilex wightiana Wall. ex Wight, Ic. t. 1216. 1848, var. wightiana; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 603. 1875; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 200(143). 1915; Sasidh. et al., Bot. Stud. Med. Pl. Kerala 35. 1996; Swarup. et al., Shola For. Kerala 36. 1998; D. Basu in N.P. Singh et al., Fl. India 5: 73. 2000; M. Reema et al. in P. Daniel, Fl. Kerala 1: 695. 2005.
  Malayalam Name(s): Parasal, Vellodi
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Trees to 15 m tall; branchlets glabrous. Leaves simple, alternate, elliptic, ovate, oblong or oblanceolate, acute to acuminate, mucronate-apiculate or rarely obtuse at apex, acute or rounded at base, subentire or serrulate at margin, glabrescent; lateral nerves distinct or not; petioles to 1.4 cm long. Inflorescences in umbellules; peduncles of male inflorescences 0.8-1.25 cm long; flowers 5-merous, 5-6 mm across. Calyx cupular, 1-2 x 2-2.5 mm; lobes 5 or 6, oblong-ovate, ovate or oblong, acute-apiculate, sometimes obtuse at apex, ciliate at margin, puberulous. Petals 5 or 6, connate below, white; tube ca 1 mm long; lobes oblong, oblong-obovate or ovate-elliptic, entire at margin, obtuse at apex, 2-2.5 x 1.5-2 mm. Stamens 5 or 6, shorter than petals, epipetalous; filaments ca. 1 mm long; anthers oblong, 0.8-0.9 mm long, dorsifixed; ovary rudimentary, puberulent; stigma 4-6 lobed. Female umbels lax; peduncles ca 1.2 cm long; calyx and petals as in male flowers; ovary globose, ca 2 mm, 6-loculed; ovules 1 or 2 in each locule, pendulous; style ca 0.5 mm long; stigma capitate. Drupes globose, apiculate, smooth, dark red or blue; pyrenes 5 or 6, 3-gonous.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: March-August
  District(s): Kozhikkode, Palakkad, Idukki, Kannur
  Habitat: Shola forests
  Distribution: Peninsular India and Sri Lanka
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): White
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Localities: Sispara
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