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  Hydnocarpus macrocarpa
  Citation:  Hydnocarpus macrocarpa (Bedd.) Warb. in Engl. & Prantl, Naturl. Pflanzenfam. 3(6a): 21. 1893; R.L. Mitra in B.D. Sharma & N.P. Balakr., Fl. India 2: 421. 1993; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 61. 1994; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 45. 1996; Sasidh., Fl. Shenduruny WLS 27. 1997; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 59. 1997; Ravikumar & Ved, Illustr. Field Guide 100 Red Listed Med. Pl. 199. 2000; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 124. 2009. Asteriastigma macrocarpa Bedd., For. Man. Bot. t. 266. 1873 & Ic. t. 242. 1868-1874; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 52(38). 1915. Taraktogenos macrocarpa (Bedd.) Balakr., Journ. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 67: 57. 1970; N.P. Balakr. in P. Daniel, Fl. Kerala 1: 280. 2005.
  Malayalam Name(s): Malamkummatti, Malamarotti, Vellananku
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Evergreen trees, to 20 m tall. Leaves simple, alternate, estipulate; petiole 10-25 cm, slender, grooved above, pubescent when young; lamina 13.5-30 x 4.5-10 cm, broadly oblong, base acute, obtuse or subtruncate, unequal side, apex obtusely acuminate, margin entire, glabrous, coriaceous; lateral nerves 6-7 pairs, pinnate, prominent, intercostae scalariform, prominent. Flowers polygamous, white in axillary fascicles or on old branches; sepals 4, imbricate; petals 12-16, greenish-yellow with 3-lobed scales at the base inside; stamens many; ovary sessile, 1-celled; stigmas 6, bilobed. Fruits a berry, 12-15 cm across, globose, dark brown, woody; seeds many, angular.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: March-May
  District(s): Idukki, Thiruvananthapuram, Thrissur, Malappuram, Kollam, Ernakulam, Wayanad
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Evergreen forests
  Distribution: Southern Western Ghats
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): White
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to: Southern Western Ghats
  IUCN status: Vulnerable (VU)
  Altitude: 500-1500
  Localities: Sholayar, Kallar, Choondippara, Munnar, Ponmudi, Merchiston, Ampumala, Karuvarakundu
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