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KERALA PLANTS - DVD
5094 plants; 880 exotics; 100 more multiple keys for finding plants; 20,000 more plant images; 6,800 local/trade/common names and more...>>>
   
 
  Hydnocarpus kurzii
 
  Family: FLACOURTIACEAE
  Citation:  Hydnocarpus kurzii (King) Warb. in Engl. & Prantl, Naturl. Pflanzenfam. 3: 621. 1890; R.L. Mitra in B.D. Sharma & N.P. Balakr., Fl. India 2: 421. 1993; Subram., Fl. Thenmala Div. 16. 1995. Taraktogenos kurzii King, J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal 59: 123. 1831; Subram., Indian For. 96: 527. 1970.
  Malayalam Name(s): Marotti
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Trees, 10-20m tall; branchlets tawny tomentose, soon glabrescent. Leaves alternate, bifarious, variable, 90-25 x 3-7 cm, lanceolate, oblong-lanceolate, elliptic-oblong, obovate-oblong or even elliptic, usually cuneate, rarely rounded and somewhat inequilateral at base, obtusely short or abruptly long acuminate, or even obtuse at apex, entire, membranous and minutely appressed pubescent when young, soon glabrescent; lateral nerves 7-9 pairs; petioles swollen and slightly geniculate at upper end, 1-3 cm long. Male flowers 8-12 mm across, pale yellow, 3-5 each in two compact fascicles atop a common peduncle 7-15 mm long; peduncles 2-3 mm long, pedicels 7-10 mm long, all strigosely fulvous tomentose. Sepals ovate-orbicular, cuneate at base, ciliate along margins, ca 4 mm long; epipetalous scales obovate, densely white pilose at apex. Stamens 20-30; filaments ca 4 mm long, densely pilose. Female flowers 2-5 in compact fascicle atop a ca 5 mm long peduncle, rarely solitary; pedicels ca 12 mm long, strigosely fulvous tomentose. Sepals and petals often fewer than in male flowers. Staminodes 10-16. Ovary ovoid, obscurely 6-7-ribbed, densely fulvous tomentose, with 4 parietal placentae; stigmas 4. Berries globose, 8-10 cm across; pericarp reddish brown, velvety tomentose, afterwards scurfy; seeds 12-18, angular-ovoid, 2.2-3.2 x 1.6-2 cm.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: February-November
  District(s): Kollam
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Evergreen forests
  Distribution: India, Bangladesh, Myanmar
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Yellow
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status: Data Deficient (DD)
  Altitude:
  Localities: Thenmalai
   
 
   
 
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