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  Humboldtia brunonis var. raktapushpa
  Family: FABACEAE/LEGUMINOSAE (Subfam.: Caesalpinioideae)
  Citation:  Humboldtia brunonis Wall. var. raktapushpa Udayan, Tushar & S.George, J. Bot. Res. Inst. Texas 1: 121. 2007.
  Malayalam Name(s):
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Shrubs to small trees, 4-6 m high; bark grayish-black, coarsely fissured, branchlets light brown, glabrous, solid, sometimes swollen. Leaves alternate, pinnately 4-foliolate, subsessile, up to 25 cm long; rachis up to 5.5 cm long, obscurely winged, shallowly canaliculated above, glabrous, young rachis brown tomentose; leaflets bijugate; lamina 8.5-16 x 2.5- 5 cm, chartaceous to thinly coriaceous, elliptic-lanceolate, obtusely acuminate at apex, inequilateral at base; lateral veins 6-8 pairs, prominently reticulate below, dark green above and pale beneath, the margins entire, grayish when dry, glabrous, young leaves drooping, coppery brown, brownish pubescent beneath, glabrous above; stipules lanceolate, 2-4 x 0.5-1.5 cm, prominently parallel veined, glabrous; appendages 2, similar, 1 x 0.5 cm, reniform, prominently veined, glabrous, persistent. Inflorescence erect, 3-7 cm long, axillary racemes; peduncles 1-3 cm, brown pubescent, up to 50-flowered, floriferous axis up to 6 cm; flowers ca 2 cm long, pedicels 5-7 mm long, pilose, bracts ovate, acute, 3 x 2 mm, with a gland at the middle, pubescent; bracteoles 2, 4 x 3 mm, ovate-obovate with a gland at the middle, pubescent. Calyx tube ca 1-2 mm long, brownish tomentose; lobes 4, 5 x 3 mm, ovate, concave, imbricate, obtuse at tip, brown pubescent, reddish. Petals 3, bright crimson-red, obovate, 0.6-0.8 cm long, clawed, claws ca 1.5 mm long, prominently nerved, glabrous. Stamens 5, fertile, alternating with 5 short, globose staminodes, the staminal filaments ca 11 mm long, crimson red, stout, glabrous; anthers versatile, 2 x 1.25 mm, oblong. Ovary 5 mm long, stipitate, stipe 2 mm long, obliquely ellipsoid, densely pubescent, 2-ovuled; style 1 cm long, slender, pilose towards base; stigma capitate. Pods 3.5-4 x 1.5-2 cm, dolabriform, brown pubescent when young; seeds 1or 2, 0.5 x 0.5 cm, brownish
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: February-June
  District(s): Kozhikkode
  Habitat: Evergreen forests
  Distribution: Southern Western Ghats
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Red
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to: Kerala
  IUCN status:
  Altitude: 700-800
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