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KERALA PLANTS
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KERALA PLANTS - DVD
5094 plants; 880 exotics; 100 more multiple keys for finding plants; 20,000 more plant images; 6,800 local/trade/common names and more...>>>
   
 
  Humboldtia bourdillonii
 
  Family: FABACEAE/LEGUMINOSAE (Subfam.: Caesalpinioideae)
  Citation:  Humboldtia bourdillonii Prain, J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal 73: 200. 1904; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 411(291). 1919; Sanjappa, Blumea 31: 331. 1986 & Legumes Ind. 30. 1992; Sasidh., Higher Plants of Indian Sub-Continent 8: 209. 1998; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 123. 1998.
  Malayalam Name(s): Adimundan
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Trees, to 15 m high, bark reddish-brown, smooth; branchlets solid, glabrous. Leaves paripinnate, alternate; stipules lateral, ovate, acute, prominently veined, glabrous, appendages falcate, rounded, veined, persistent; rachis 10-12 cm long, pulvinate, obcordately winged between leaflets, glabrous; leaflets 6-12, opposite, estipellate, when lowest pair absent, a joint corresponding to its position present; petiolule 3-5 mm, stout, glabrous; lamina 7.5-25 x 1.5-6 cm, oblong-lanceolate or linear-lanceolate, base unequal or obtuse, margin entire, glabrous, chartaceous; lateral nerves 7-10 pairs, pinnate, arched, prominent, intercostae reticulate, prominent. Flowers bisexual, 7 mm long, pinkish, in corymbs on tubercles on stem and old branches, tawny velvety; pedicels 1.4-1.7 cm long, brown velvety; bracts ovate, acute, densely brown tomentose on both surface, fugacious; bracteoles 2, connate almost throughout when young, ovate-oblong, obtuse or rounded at apex, densely brown tomentose on both surface, gland present towards apex without, fugacious; calyx tube 1.4 cm long, obconical, brown tomentose, lined by the disc, persistent; lobes 4, subequal, crimson, imbricate; petals 5, white with pink veins, 3 longer and 2 shorter, clawed, obovate, obtuse to rounded at apex, sparsely pilose within, glabrous with out, sometimes a brown gland present in the middle within, fugacious; stamens 5, free, alternating with 5 minute staminodes; filaments broad at base, pilose; anthers versatile, shortly apiculate at one end; ovary half inferior, stipitate, obliquely oblong, densely pilose; ovules 4-6; style filiform, long, pilose; stigma capitate. Fruit a pod 8-11 x 2-2.5 cm, flat, oblong, velvety brown pubescent, bright red or crimson, dehiscent; sutures thick, valves prominently veined; seeds 3-5.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: December-July
  District(s): Idukki
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Evergreen forests, along stream banks
  Distribution: Southern Western Ghats
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): White, Pink
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to: Southern Western Ghats
  IUCN status: Endangered (EN)
  Altitude: -850
  Localities: Arjunankotta, Peermade ghats
   
 
   
 
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