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KERALA PLANTS - DVD
5094 plants; 880 exotics; 100 more multiple keys for finding plants; 20,000 more plant images; 6,800 local/trade/common names and more...>>>
   
 
  Hopea utilis
 
  Family: DIPTEROCARPACEAE
  Citation:  Hopea utilis (Bedd.) Bole, Kew Bull. 1951: 146. 1951; K.P. Janardh. in B.D. Sharma & Sanjappa, Fl. India 3:234.1993; Gopalan & Henry, Endemic Pl. Agasthiyamala 250. 2000; K.P. Janardh. & W. Arisdason in P. Daniel, Fl. Kerala 1: 367. 2005.
  Malayalam Name(s):
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Black kongu
  Description: Trees, to 25 m high, bark surface dark brown, mottled with grey, smooth; young shoots pubescent. Leaves simple, alternate; stipules lateral, cauducous; petiole 10-12 mm long, stout, glabrous; lamina 9-24 x 2.5-10 cm, linear-lanceolate, ovate-lanceolate or oblong-ovate, base round or acute, apex acute, margin entire, glabrous, coriaceous; lateral nerves 10-12 pairs, pinnate, prominent; intercostae scalariform, faint. Flowers bisexual, yellowish-white, 6-8 mm long, in unilateral axillary, panicled racemes; pedicels short; calyx tube very short, adnate to the receptacle; lobes 5, slightly connate at base, hoary outside, 2 outer ones slightly longer, ovate, more or less obtuse, thickened, 3 inner suborbicular, often mucronate, thin along the margin; petals 5, oblong, obtuse, crenulate, fleshy, pubescent, imbricate; stamens 15; filaments dilated at base, subulate, anthers suborbicular, extended by the apicular awn; ovary superior, pubescent, 3-celled, ovules 2 in each cell; style short, cylindric; stigmas thick. Fruit a nut 10-12 mm across, globose, pointed, shining, with tuberculate, subacute, accrescent calyx lobes.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: March-November
  District(s): Palakkad, Kollam
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Along riverbanks in evergreen and semi-evergreen forests
  Distribution: Southern Western Ghats
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Yellow, White
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to: Southern Western Ghats
  IUCN status: Endangered (EN)
  Altitude: 200-800
  Localities:
   
 
   
 
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