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  Hopea racophloea
  Citation:  Hopea racophloea Dyer in Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 310. 1874; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 82(59). 1915; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 84. 1984; Manilal, Fl. Silent Valley 24. 1988; K.P. Janardh. in B.D. Sharma & Sanjappa, Fl. India 3: 231. 1993; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 75. 1994; Sasidh., Fl. Shenduruny WLS 35. 1997; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 74. 1997; K.P. Janardh. & W. Arisdason in P. Daniel, Fl. Kerala 1: 367. 2005. Hopea malabarica Bedd., Ic. t. 185. 1868-1874.
  Malayalam Name(s): Naduvalippongu, Neduvalikongu, Naikambagam, Thondupoliyan-pongu
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Trees, bark dark brown, peeling off in strips, with the lower ends of each strip detached from stem and the upper end still attached to it and curved upwards; branchlets black; echinate galls common. Leaves simple, alternate; stipules small, lateral, deciduous; petiole 5-10 mm, slender, glabrous; lamina 5-11 x 2.5-6 cm, ovate or oblong-lanceolate, base obtuse, round or acute, apex acute or obtusely acuminate, margin entire, glabrous, coriaceous, lateral nerves 4-6 pairs, pinnate, prominent, intercostae scalariform, prominent, domatia present. Flowers bisexual, pinkish-yellow, 2-4 together, in axillary unilateral racemose panicles; sepals 5, equal, spathulate, obtuse, glabrous; petals 5, glabrous inside, hairy outside with a twisted, flattened appendage at apex; stamens 15, slightly connate; connective produced into a subulate point; ovary superior, obconical, 3-celled, ovules 2 in each cell; styles short, subulate; stylopodium nearly as long as ovary, cylindrical, slightly narrowed at base. Fruit a nut, glabrous, closely surrounded by the base of calyx; wings 2, 7.5-8.5 cm long, obtuse, with 7-11 longitudinal nerves, reddish.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: February-May
  District(s): Kollam, Malappuram, Thiruvananthapuram, Palakkad
  Habitat: Evergreen forests
  Distribution: Peninsular India
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Yellow, White, Pink
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to: Western Ghats
  IUCN status: Endangered (EN)
  Localities: Rosemala, Damsite, Nedumkayam
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