Share web
Home Kerala Plants - DVD Search Kerala Plants Exotic Plants Garden Plants Trees Shrubs Climbers Medicinal Plants
Search Kerala Plants
Exotic Plants
Garden Plants
Medicinal Plants
Geology & Soil
5094 plants; 880 exotics; 100 more multiple keys for finding plants; 20,000 more plant images; 6,800 local/trade/common names and more...>>>
  Hopea parviflora
  Citation:  Hopea parviflora Bedd., Fl. Sylv. t. 7. 1869; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 308. 1874; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 82(59). 1915; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 83. 1984; Ansari, Fl. Kasaragod Div. 72. 1985; Ramach. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Cannanore Dist. 57. 1988; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 74. 1990; Babu, Fl. Malappuram Dist. 51. 1990; K.P. Janardh. in B.D. Sharma & Sanjappa, Fl. India 3: 228. 1993; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 75. 1994; Subram., Fl. Thenmala Div. 27. 1995; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 56. 1996; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 73. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Shenduruny WLS 34. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 28. 1998; Sasidh., Fl. Chinnar WLS 32. 1999; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 24. 2002; Mohanan & Sivad., Fl. Agasthyamala 93. 2002; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 74. 2005; K.P. Janardh. & W. Arisdason in P. Daniel, Fl. Kerala 1: 365. 2005; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 111. 2009; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 141. 2009.
  Malayalam Name(s): Irumbagam, Iripu, Kambagam, Thambagam, Urippu
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Iron wood of Malabar, White Kongu, Hopea
  Description: Evergreen trees, to 35 m high, bole straight, buttressed, bark 6-10 mm, light brown or grey, mottled with white, rough vertically fissured, fibrous; branchlets reddish-brown, slightly pubescent. Leaves simple, alternate, 8-11.5 x 3-5 cm, ovate, lanceolate or ovate-lanceolate, apex acute or glabrous, apiculate, base acute obtuse, cordate or subcordate, coriaceous; lateral nerves 8-12 pairs, pinnate, prominent, intercostae scalariform, faint, domatia present; petiole 10-12 mm, slender, pubescent when young, glabrous when matured, grooved above; stipules small, lateral, deciduous. Flowers bisexual, 3-4 mm across, creamy yellow, in unilateral terminal and upper axillary, tomentose racemose panicles. Sepals 5, 3 mm long, tomentose outside. Petals 5, 6 mm long, oblong, glabrous, fimbriate at apex. Stamens 5, rarely 10, slightly connate; connective of anthers produced into a subulate point. Ovary superior, glabrous, ovules 2 in each cell; style short, subulate. Fruit a nut, 5-6 mm long, terete, glabrous; wings 2, 6 x 1.8 cm, 8-10 nerved, glabrous.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: January-June
  District(s): All Districts
  Habitat: Evergreen and semi-evergreen forests, along in the plains in sacred groves
  Distribution: Southern Western Ghats
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Creamy, Yellow
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to: Southern Western Ghats
  IUCN status: Vulnerable (VU)
  Localities: Peechi, Kattalappara, Kuttar, Koruthode, Pothundy, Muthalakkuzhi, Kannoth, Parappa, Kaikatty forests-Pothundy, Mararikulam, Nedumkayam, Karimpuzha, Teppakulam, Kottur, Karamanayar region, Meenmutty, Attayar
Kerala News Online
Website Hit Counters