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  Hopea erosa
 
  Family: DIPTEROCARPACEAE
  Citation:  Hopea erosa (Bedd.) van Sloot., Reinwardtia 3: 318. 1956; K.P. Janardh. in B.D. Sharma & Sanjappa, Fl. India 3: 222. 1993; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 55. 1996; Sasidh., Fl. Shenduruny WLS 34. 1997; K.P. Janardh. & W. Arisdason in P. Daniel, Fl. Kerala 1: 363. 2005; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 141. 2009. Balanocarpus erosa Bedd., For. Man. Bot. 237. 1873; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 84(60). 1915.
  Malayalam Name(s): Eeyakam, Karakong
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Evergreen trees, to 25 m; bark 6-7 mm thick, pale brown, smooth. Leaves simple, alternate, 10-20 x 3-7 cm, oblong or oblong-lanceolate, apex acute or acuminate, base unequally cordate, margin entire, glabrous, coriaceous; lateral nerves 10-17 pairs, pinnate, arched, prominent, intercostae reticulate, prominent; petiole 17-50 mm, slender, glabrous, swollen tipped; stipule minute, lateral, deciduous. Flowers greyish-yellow, 1 cm across, subsessile, in unilateral, axillary racemed panicles. Calyx tube short, adnate to the torus; sepals 5, suborbicular, subequal, margin ciliate, reddish, imbricate. Petals 5, bilobed, pilose outside, glabrous inside, pinkish-white. Stamens 15, rarely 10; filaments dilated at the base; anthers short, ovate, exceeded by the apical awn. Ovary superior, glabrous, 3-celled, ovules 2 in each cell; style short; stigma thick. Fruit a nut, ovoid or oblong, apiculate, enclosed at the base by the thickened and accrescent sepals which often attain 2.5 cm long and spread horizontally.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: October-January
  District(s): Palakkad, Kannur, Kollam, Thrissur, Wayanad
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Evergreen forests
  Distribution: Southern Western Ghats
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): White
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to: Southern Western Ghats
  IUCN status: Critically Endangered (CR)
  Altitude:
  Localities: Peechi, Choondippara, Chandanathode, on way to Kannoth
   
 
   
 
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