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KERALA PLANTS - DVD
5094 plants; 880 exotics; 100 more multiple keys for finding plants; 20,000 more plant images; 6,800 local/trade/common names and more...>>>
   
 
  Homalium zeylanicum
 
  Family: FLACOURTIACEAE
  Citation:  Homalium zeylanicum (Gard.) Benth., J. Linn. Soc. Bot. 4: 35. 1860; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 2: 596. 1879; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 522(369). 1915; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 73. 1984; Manilal, Fl. Silent Valley 10. 1988; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 61. 1990; R.L. Mitra in B.D. Sharma & N.P. Balakr., Fl. India 2: 410. 1993; Subram., Fl. Thenmala Div. 16. 1995; Sasidh. et al., Bot. Stud. Med. Pl. Kerala 23. 1996; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 45. 1996; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 58. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 18. 1998; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 16. 2002; N.P. Balakr. in P. Daniel, Fl. Kerala 1: 272. 2005. Blackwellia zeylanica Gard., Calcutta J. Nat. Hist. 7: 452. 1847. Homalium tetrandra Wight, Ic. t. 1851.1852.
  Malayalam Name(s): Kaluvaluka, Manthalamukhi
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Evergreen trees, to 30 m high, bole straight; bark 15 16 mm thick, pale brown, smooth, orange-yellow inside; branchlets puberulus; internode 1-2 cm. Leaves simple, alternate; petiole 8-20 mm, slender, slightly grooved above, pubescent; lamina 8-14 x 4.75 cm, broadly elliptic, base narrow, apex abruptly acuminate, margin crenate, glabrous, coriaceous. Lateral nerves 6-8 pairs, pinnate, arched towards the margin forming intramarginal nerves, prominent beneath, intercostae reticulate. Flowers small, greenish-white, bisexual, in axillary racemes; sepals 4, ovate-laminate, pubescent; petals 4, oblanceolate, pubescent, inserted at the throat of the calyx; stamens 4, antitepalous, alternating with globular staminodes; ovary pubescent; half superior, single celled, ovules many on 4 parietal placenta; styles 4. Fruit a capsule; seeds small, albumen fleshy.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: February-July
  District(s): Palakkad, Idukki, Kollam, Malappuram, Thrissur, Wayanad
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Evergreen and semi-evergreen forests
  Distribution: South India and Sri Lanka
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Green, White
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude:
  Localities: Peechi, Chenthamarakokka, Manthampotty, Kariamchola, Aruvanpara, Pallivasal, Mukkali forests, Marapalam area, Ponnambalamedu ***, Ampumala, Thenmalai
   
 
   
 
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