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  Holostemma ada-kodien
  Citation:  Holostemma ada-kodien Schult. in Roem. & Schult., Syst. Veg. 6: 95. 1820; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 259. 1984; Babu, Fl. Malappuram Dist. 436. 1990; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 290. 1990; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 298. 1994; Sasidh. et al., Bot. Stud. Med. Pl. Kerala 15. 1996; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 291. 1996; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 250. 1998; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 196. 2002; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 531. 2009. Sarcostemma annulare Roth, Nov. Pl. Sp. 178. 1821. Holostemma rheedei Spreng. ex Wall., Pl. Asiat. Rar. 2: 51. 1831; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 4: 21. 1883. Holostemma annulare (Roxb.) K. Schum. in Engl. & Prantl, Naturl. Pflanzenfam. 4(2): 250. 1895; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 834(586). 1923; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. Calicut 167. 1982; Mohanan & Sivad., Fl. Agasthyamala 450. 2002. Asclepias annularis Roxb., Fl. Ind. 2: 37. 1832.
  Malayalam Name(s): Adamothiyan, Adakkodien, Adakotti, Adapathiyan, Padalakizhangu, Thinnampala
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Holostemma
  Description: Twiners. Leaves 8-12 x 5-8 cm, oblong or ovate, apex acute to cuspidate, base widely and deeply cordate, lateral nerves ca. 4-7 pairs, lower 2 pairs basal, base with few papillate glands; petiole to 4-5 cm long. Flowers few to many in axillary peduncled cymes; peduncles shorter than the petiole, stout; pedicels 1.5 cm long; calyx lobes ovate, 4 mm long; corolla 2.5 cm across, campanulate, pale purple, lobes 8 x 6 mm, ovate, obtuse; gynostegium 8 x 6 mm, outer corona short, truncate; inner corona 5, ovate, acute, glabrous.
  Habit: Climber
  Flowering & Fruiting: September-November
  District(s): All Districts
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Scrub jungles, deciduous forests and in the plains
  Distribution: South Asia
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): White, Pink
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude: 400-1000
  Localities: Peechi, Koruthode, Kottayali, Walayar, Olavakkot, Kurisimala, Boneccord, Attayar
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