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KERALA PLANTS - DVD
5094 plants; 880 exotics; 100 more multiple keys for finding plants; 20,000 more plant images; 6,800 local/trade/common names and more...>>>
   
 
  Heritiera papilio
 
  Family: STERCULIACEAE
  Citation:  Heritiera papilio Bedd., Fl. Sylv. t. 218. 1872; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 363. 1874; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 104(74). 1915; Manilal, Fl. Silent Valley 32. 1988; K.C. Malick in B.D. Sharma & Sanjappa, Fl. India 3: 430. 1993; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 85. 1994; Sasidh. et al., Bot. Stud. Med. Pl. Kerala 26. 1996; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 66. 1996; Sasidh., Fl. Shenduruny WLS 42. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 36. 1998; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 33. 2002; V. Chithra in P. Daniel, Fl. Kerala 1: 458. 2005.
  Malayalam Name(s): Cholachadachi, Choklamaram
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Evergreen trees, to 25 m high, bark greyish-brown with scurfy small warts; young parts clothed with golden brown soft tomentum. Leaves simple, alternate, 4-20 x 1.5-10 cm, ovate or ovate-lanceolate, apex acute, base obtuse or round, margin entire, glabrous above, densely silvery lepidote scaly beneath, coriaceous; 3-ribbed from base, lateral nerves 2-7 pairs, pinnate, prominent, intercostae reticulate, obscure, petiole 10-37 mm, stout, peltate scaly, swollen tipped; stipules free, lateral, deciduous. Flowers small, bi or unisexual in axillary panicle, cream coloured. Calyx campanulate, 5-toothed or 5-fid. Petals absent. Anthers adnate in a regular ring on an androgynophore topped by sterile ovary in male flowers. Female flowers: carpels 5, subdistinct, superior, alternating at the base with pair of staminodes, ovules 1-2 in each carpel; styles short; stigmas 5, thick. Fruit of 1-6 samaroid carpels, 5-6 cm long, red, wing membranous; seed one.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: January-May
  District(s): Palakkad, Idukki, Thiruvananthapuram, Kollam, Thrissur, Kannur
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Evergreen forests
  Distribution: India and Bangladesh
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Creamy
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude:
  Localities: Sholayar, Rosemala, Uppermanalar, Poonkavanam, Nelluyampathy forests, Thelliyalimattukkal, Aruvanpara, Ponmudi
   
 
   
 
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