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KERALA PLANTS - DVD
5094 plants; 880 exotics; 100 more multiple keys for finding plants; 20,000 more plant images; 6,800 local/trade/common names and more...>>>
   
 
  Helicia nilagirica
 
  Family: PROTEACEAE
  Citation:  Helicia nilagirica Bedd., Madras J. Lit. Sci. ser. 3, 1: 50. t.11. 1864; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 5: 190. 1886; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 1243(870). 1925; Manilal, Fl. Silent Valley 237. 1988; Ramach. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Cannanore Dist. 398. 1988; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 407. 1990; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 397. 1994; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 354. 1998; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 704. 2009.
  Malayalam Name(s):
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Trees, to 7 m high; branchlets stout; young buds pubescent with out. Leaves simple, alternate, estipulate; petiole 5-15 mm long, stout, swollen at base, glabrous; lamina 5-16 x 3-7 cm, ellipitc, obovate, spathulate, elliptic-oblanceolate or elliptic-obovate; base acute to cuneate; apex acute or acuminate, margin entire or coarsely dentate, coriaceous, sparsely hairy above, glabrous beneath; lateral nerves 6-8 pairs, pinnate, slender, faint, nerves ending in thickened glands at dentations, intercostae reticulate, faint. Flowers bisexual, white with purple tinge, in ca. 3.5 cm long racemes from below the leaves, 2 or more from each bract; pedicels stout; bracts cauducous; bracteoles minute; perianth tube slender, 1-1.3 cm long splitting into 4 lobes in full length and recurved; stamens 4, epitepalous, antitepalous, connective produced in to a filiform appendages; anthers oblong; ovary superior, sessile, 1-celled, ovules 2, basal; style terminal, slender as long as perianth tube; stigma linear, thick. Fruit a drupe, globose, 10-15 mm across, green; seeds 1 or 2, rugose.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: June-July
  District(s): Idukki, Palakkad, Kannur, Thiruvananthapuram, Wayanad
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Along riverbanks in semi-evergreen and evergreen forests
  Distribution: Southern Western Ghats
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): White
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to: Southern Western Ghats
  IUCN status:
  Altitude:
  Localities: Vallakkadavu, Arippa, Valiyaparathode, Chandanathode, Chemungi
   
 
   
 
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