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5094 plants; 880 exotics; 100 more multiple keys for finding plants; 20,000 more plant images; 6,800 local/trade/common names and more...>>>
  Gymnema sylvestre
More images:..>> 21,000 images, 5094 plants; 880 exotics; 100 more multiple keys for finding plants; 6,800 local/trade/common names
  Citation:  Gymnema sylvestre (Retz.) R. Br. ex Schult. in Roem. & Schult., Syst. Veg. 6: 57. 1820; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 4: 29. 1883; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 839(590). 1923; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. Calicut 169. 1982; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 258. 1984; Ramach. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Cannanore Dist. 283. 1988; Babu, Fl. Malappuram Dist. 434. 1990; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 289. 1990; Subram., Fl. Thenmala Div. 226. 1995; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 289. 1996; Sasidh., Fl. Shenduruny WLS 208. 1997; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 426. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 250. 1998; Sasidh., Fl. Chinnar WLS 196. 1999; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 196. 2002; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 441. 2009; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 530. 2009. Periploca sylvestris Retz., Obs. Bot. 2: 15. 1781.
  Malayalam Name(s): Chakkarakolli, Madhunaasini, Sarkarakolli
  Tamil name(s): Madhusnani
  English name(s): Small Indian Ipecae, Gymnema
  Description: Twining subshrubs, branchlets fulvous-tomentose. Leaves simple, opposite, 4-7 x 3-5 cm, elliptic to ovate or obovate, apex obtusely acute, base truncate or obtuse, subcoriaceous, densely tomentose below, nerves 3 pairs; petiole 1-3 cm long. Flowers 4 mm across in umbellate cymes, many together; peduncle to 1 cm long, hispid; pedicels 6 mm long, slender. Sepals 2 mm long, ovate. Corolla campanulate, yellow, 2.5 mm long, tube globose, lobes triangular. Corolline corona 5 vertical pairs of pubescent ridges. Gynostegium 1.5 x 1 mm, cylindrical. Follicles 7.5 x 0.8 cm, lanceolate, seeds 10 x 5 mm, much compressed.
  Habit: Climber
  Flowering & Fruiting: July-January
  District(s): All Districts
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Moist and dry deciduous forests, also in the plains
  Distribution: Indo-Malesia
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Yellow
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Localities: Peechi, Sholayar, Poringal, Rosemala, Kattalappara, Chinnar, Sabarimala, Vengoli, Dhoni R. F., Manantody, Kannoth, Chandanathode, Walayar, Panangotteri, Nootavanpara, Nedumkayam, Vandalodu
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