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KERALA PLANTS - DVD
5094 plants; 880 exotics; 100 more multiple keys for finding plants; 20,000 more plant images; 6,800 local/trade/common names and more...>>>
   
 
  Guaiacum officinale
 
  Family: ZYGOPHYLLACEAE
  Citation:  Guaiacum officinale L., Sp. Pl. 381. 1753; E. Vajr. in P. Daniel, Fl. Kerala 1: 521. 2005.
  Malayalam Name(s):
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Commoner Lignum Vitae, Guaiac Tree, Guaiac Wood, Guaiacum, Guayacan, Lignum Vitae
  Description: A small tree, 6-10 m tall. Branches knotted at the nodes, older rugose, with deeply furrowed bark, young ones minutely pubescent. Leaves abruptly paripinnate, with 2-3 pairs of sessile, 1.5-4.5 cm long, 1.0-2.5 cm broad, elliptic-rotund or obovate, obtuse leaflets, uppermost pair largest, leaflets of lowest pair unequal. Flowers showy, c. 2.5 cm across, bluish purple, fading to white; pedicel 1.5- 2 cm long; disc annular, fleshy, with nectiferous glands. Sepals 5,2 outer very broadly ovate, 3 inner broadly oblong, hairy, purplish-green. Petals 5, shortly clawed, 12-13 mm long, 6-7 mm broad, obovate, mucronate, hairy, bluish-purple. Stamens 10, free, equal, filaments 6-7 mm long, bluish-purple. Ovary bicarpellate, syncarpous, stipitate, 2-loculed, laterally compressed, clavate with 2 lateral ridges and 2 central furrows; style twisted. Capsule compressed, winged, orange-yellow, somewhat retuse, mucronate, 1-seeded by abortion. Seeds pendulous, perisperm red, testa black.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: February-July
  District(s): Thiruvananthapuram
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Grown as ornamental tree
  Distribution: Native of West Indies
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Blue, Purple, Violet, White
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: Yes
  Garden: Yes
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude:
  Localities:
   
 
   
 
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