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  Goniothalamus rhynchantherus
  Citation:  Goniothalamus rhynchantherus Dunn, Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1914: 182. 1914 & Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 19(13). 1915; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 62. 1984; Debika Mitra in B. D. Sharma et al., Fl. India 1: 237. 1993; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 46. 1994; Sasidh., Fl. Shenduruny WLS 12. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 5. 1998; Gopalan & Henry, Endemic Pl. Agasthiyamala 213. 2000; Mohanan & Sivad., Fl. Agasthyamala 54. 2002; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 43. 2005.
  Malayalam Name(s):
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Trees, 5-8 m tall, bark smooth, black. Leaves simple, alternate, distichous, estipulate; petiole 6-10 mm long, slender, glabrous, grooved above; lamina 9-22 x 3.5-6.5 cm, oblong, elliptic-oblong or ovate, base acute, obtusely acuminate or cuspidate-acuminate, margin entire, recurved, coriaceous, glabrous; lateral nerves 12-15 pairs, pinnate, faint, intercostae reticulate. Flowers bisexual, axillary, solitary, fragrant, 2.5 cm across; petiole stout, 0.5-1 cm long, glabrous, sepals 3, 8 x 9 mm, broadly ovate, connate at base, acute at apex, appressed golden brown pubescent outside, glabrous inside; petals 6 (3+3), outer petals 2-3 cm long, obovate, adnate to 2/3 from apex, acute, densely silvery white or golden sericeous pubescent outside, glabrous inside except the margin, inner petals smaller, shortly clawed, cohering in a veluted cap over the stamens and ovary; stamens many, closely packed, 1.5-2 mm long, anthers beaked, remote, hidden by the connective, connectives pubescent, produced into a beak; carpels many, awl-shaped, densely pubescent, 2-3 mm long, ribbed, style 3-4 mm long, subulate, stigma pointed, entire, ovules 1 or 2. Fruit agregate, fruitlets many, 15 x 8 mm, obovoid, sometimes constricted, glabrous; seed one, ovoid, shiny, reddish-brown.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: March-June
  District(s): Kollam, Idukki, Pathanamthitta, Thiruvananthapuram
  Habitat: Evergreen forests
  Distribution: Southern Western Ghats
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Yellow
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to: Southern Western Ghats
  IUCN status: Endangered (EN)
  Altitude: 500-1600
  Localities: Choondippara, Rosemala, Arjunankotta, on way to Nilamel, Moozhiar, Boneccord, Aryankavu, Attayar
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