Home Kerala Plants - DVD Search Kerala Plants Exotic Plants Garden Plants Trees Shrubs Climbers Medicinal Plants
 
KERALA PLANTS
Search Kerala Plants
Exotic Plants
Garden Plants
Trees
Herbs
Shrubs
Climbers
Medicinal Plants
GENERAL
Introduction
Location
Geology & Soil
Climate
Phytogeography
Vegetation
 
GARDEN PLANTS
Garden Plants Kerala
50 Top Garden Plants
25 Herb Garden Plants
25 Shrub Garden Plants
15 Climber Garden Plants
10 Top Tree Grden Plants
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
   
 
  Gmelina arborea
 
  Family: VERBENACEAE
  Citation:  Gmelina arborea Roxb., Pl. Corom. t. 246. 1815; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 4: 581. 1885; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 1097(768). 1924; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 313. 1984; Ansari, Fl. Kasaragod Div. 295. 1985; Ramach. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Cannanore Dist. 355. 1988; Antony, Syst. Stud. Fl. Kottayam Dist. 317. 1989; Babu, Fl. Malappuram Dist. 614. 1990; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 365. 1990; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 359. 1994; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 352. 1996; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 535. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 310. 1998; Sasidh., Fl. Chinnar WLS 240. 1999; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 241. 2002; Mohanan & Sivad., Fl. Agasthyamala 523. 2002; Rajendran & Daniel, Indian Verbenaceae 155. 2002; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 392. 2005; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 563. 2009; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 639. 2009.
  Malayalam Name(s): Kumalu, Kumbil, Kumizhanpazham, Kumizhu, Sevana
  Tamil name(s): Gambhari
  English name(s): Candahar tree, Coomb teak, Cashmeri teak, Gamari, Kambari, White teak
  Description: Deciduous trees, to 20 m high, bark 8-10 mm thick, white or whitish-grey, smooth, lenticellate, scurfy, exfoliating in thin flakes; branchlets stout, tomentose. Leaves simple, opposite, 7.5-25 x 6-20 cm, broadly ovate or ovate, base cordate truncate or rounded, apex acute or acuminate, margin entire, glabrous above and tomentose beneath, glaucous beneath, coriaceous; petiole 5-12.5 cm long, slender, tomentose; nerves 3-5 from base, lateral nerves 3-6, pinnate, prominent, prominent, puberulent beneath; intercostae scalariform, prominent; 2 glands on either side of the midrib at the base. Flowers bisexual, 3-3.7 cm long, yellow with orange-pink shade, in terminal panicles. Calyx 6 mm long, campanulate, 5 toothed, tomentose. Corolla bilabiate, tube ventricose, lobes 5, subequal, obovate, obtuse, densely hairy. Stamens 4, didynamous; anthers 2 mm, divaricate. Ovary 4 mm, superior, syncarpous, glabrous, ovules 4; style 2 cm, slender, glabrous, unequally bifid. Fruit a drupe 2.5-3.5 x 1-1.5 cm, ovoid, pulpy, pyrene bonny, ovoid with a deep depression, yellow; seeds 2-4, elliptic.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: January-June
  District(s): All Districts
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Moist and dry deciduous forests, also in the plains
  Distribution: Indo-Malesia
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Yellow, Brown
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude: 300-800
  Localities: Peechi, Sholayar, Churullipetty, Thannikkudy, Karimala, Plapally, Begur, on way to Kannoth, Tolpetty, Taliparamba, Karivara slopes, Malampuzha, Mangalam Dam area, Siruvani slopes, Chengannur, Vandanam, Thalichola, Attayar, Bonaccord
   
 
   
 
Kerala News Online