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KERALA PLANTS - DVD
5094 plants; 880 exotics; 100 more multiple keys for finding plants; 20,000 more plant images; 6,800 local/trade/common names and more...>>>
   
 
  Glycosmis macrocarpa
 
More images:..>> 21,000 images, 5094 plants; 880 exotics; 100 more multiple keys for finding plants; 6,800 local/trade/common names
  Family: RUTACEAE
  Citation:  Glycosmis macrocarpa Wight, Illustr. 1: 109. 1840; Ramach. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Cannanore Dist. 83. 1988; Sasidh. et al., Bot. Stud. Med. Pl. Kerala 25. 1996; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 82. 1996; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 123. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Shenduruny WLS 53. 1997; K.N. Nair & M.P. Nayar in Hajra et al., Fl. India 4: 338. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 54. 1998; Ravikumar & Ved, Illustr. Field Guide 100 Red Listed Med. Pl. 168. 2000 Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 49. 2002; Mohanan & Sivad., Fl. Agasthyamala 142. 2002; R.K. Premanath in P. Daniel, Fl. Kerala 1: 597. 2005; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 194. 2009. Glycosmis pentaphylla Hook. f. var. macrocarpa (Wight) Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 1:500. 1875.
  Malayalam Name(s):
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Shrubs, up to 2 m high. Leaves pinnate, alternate, 13-27 cm long; petiole and rachis glabrous or ferruginously puberulous when young; leaflets 3 or 5 or rarely 6, alternate, 7.5-16 x 3-7.5 cm, oblong-elliptic or ovate-lanceolate to oblanceolate, acuminate at apex, cuneate at base, acumen up to 10 mm long, bluntish at tip, more or less entire along margins, coriaceous, glabrous; lateral nerves 5 to 7 pairs, prominent beneath, faint above, oblique, spreading, tertiaries finely reticulate; petiolules 5-10 mm long, glabrous. Inflorescence usually from uppermost leaf axils, paniculate cymes, up to 3 cm long. Sepals 5, deltate, obtuse, less than 1 mm long, puberulous with ciliolate margins. Petals 5, oblong-elliptic, obtuse, ca 3 x 1.5 mm, white or pale yellowish, obscurely glandular, glabrous. Stamens 10; filament linear, flattened, slightly ridged at inner face almost near apex, subulate above, up to 2 mm long, glabrous; anthers oblong, cordate, aciculate, sometimes with minute dorsal apical gland, less than 1 mm long. Disk broader than ovary, tumid, lobulate, ca 0.5 mm high, glabrous. Ovary ovoid-cylindric, ca 1 mm high, smoothly glandular, glabrous, 5-locular, each with one ovule; style continuous with ovary, not clearly distinct from it, glabrous; stigma minute, depressed. Berries subglobose, constricted at base, depressed above, ca 2 x 1.5 cm, punctuate; seed 1.
  Habit: Shrub
  Flowering & Fruiting: March-June
  District(s): Palakkad, Idukki, Malappuram, Kannur, Thiruvananthapuram, Kollam, Thrissur, Wayanad, Kozhikkode
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Evergreen forests
  Distribution: South india and Sri Lanka
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): White
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status: Vulnerable (VU)
  Altitude: 500-1800
  Localities: Sholayar, Kallar, Sabarimala, Kurisumala, Parambikulam, Pooppara, Chandanathode, Nedumpoyil, Ampumala, Athirumala, Chemungi
   
 
   
 
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