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KERALA PLANTS - DVD
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  Glochidion zeylanicum var. zeylanicum
 
  Family: EUPHORBIACEAE
  Citation:  Glochidion zeylanicum (Gaertn.) A. Juss., Euphorb. Gen. 107. 1824, var. zeylanicum; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 5: 310. 1887; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 1306(914). 1925; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. Calicut 260. 1982; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 367. 1984; Ansari, Fl. Kasaragod Div. 339. 1985; Antony, Syst. Stud. Fl. Kottayam Dist. 360. 1989; Babu, Fl. Malappuram Dist. 716. 1990; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 417. 1994; Subram., Fl. Thenmala Div. 338. 1995; Chakrab. & Gangop., Journ. Econ. Tax. Bot. 19: 226. 1995; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 405. 1996; Sasidh., Fl. Shenduruny WLS 289. 1997; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 623. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 374. 1998; Sasidh., Fl. Chinnar WLS 285. 1999; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 292. 2002; Mohanan & Sivad., Fl. Agasthyamala 610. 2002; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 447. 2005; N.P.Balakr. & Chakrab., Fam. Euphorbiaceae India 354. 2007; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 635. 2009; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 741. 2009. Briedelia zeylanica Gaertn., Fruct. 2: 128. t.109. 1790.
  Malayalam Name(s): Neervetti, Pannimutti
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Trees to 8 m high, bark 2-3 mm thick, brown, smooth, longitudinally cracked; blaze pink-red; branchlets grey, glabrous. Leaves simple, alternate; stipules lateral; petiole 2-8 mm long, slender, glabrous; lamina 5.5-26 x 2.5-12 cm, oblong, oblong-lanceolate, ovate-oblong, elliptic, ovate-elliptic, elliptic-lanceolate or rarely oblanceolate, base oblique, cordate, truncate, obtuse or round, apex apiculate to obtusely acuminate or acute, margin entire, coriaceous, glabrous, glossy; lateral nerves 4-12 pairs, raised beneath, pinnate, prominent, intercostae reticulate, prominent. Flowers unisexual, yellow, supra-axillary or rarely in axillary umbels; peduncle adnate to the them, 8-10 mm long; male flowers: pedicels 5-10 mm long; tepals 3+2-3, 1-3 x 0.7-2 mm; oblong, ovate, suborbicular or obovate; stamens 3-8, 1.2-2 mm long, connate by their connectives in a coloum; connectives produced; female flowers: pedicels 1-8 mm long; tepals 3+2-3, 1-3 x 1-2.5 mm, triangular, deltoid, oblong, ovate or suborbicular, occasionally the perianth cupular and 1.5-4 x 2 mm with ovate teeth; ovary superior, 1-2.5 mm across, subglobose or depressed, tomentose or glabrous; 4-7 locular, ovules 2 in each cell; styles to 3.5 mm long, free and triangular, connivent and columnar, conical to clavate; apical lobes 4-7, triangular, oblong or suborbicular. Fruit a capsule, 3-8 x 7-11 mm, depressed to subglobose, unlobed or obscurely lobed, 4-7 locular, puberulous to glabrous, beaked, orange; pedicels 2-8 mm long.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: March-May
  District(s): Palakkad, Kottayam, Alappuzha, Kasaragode, Kollam, Idukki, Pathanamthitta, Malappuram, Thiruvananthapuram, Kozhikkode, Thrissur, Wayanad, Ernakulam
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Evergreen and semi-evergreen forests, also in the plains
  Distribution: Indo-Malesia
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Yellow
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude: 300-700
  Localities: Vazhachal, Elanad, Kulathupuzha, Thayanankkudy, Vallakkadavu, Koruthode, Vengoli, Marayur, Ontangadi, Allmost all places, Ezhimala, Taliparamba, Punchakolli, Thenmalai, Kulathupuzha, Ambalapuzha, Meenmutty
   
 
   
 
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