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  Glochidion zeylanicum var. tomentosum
 
  Family: EUPHORBIACEAE
  Citation:  Glochidion zeylanicum var. tomentosum Trim., Syst. Cat. Fl. Pl. Ceylon 79. 1885; N.P.Balakr. & Chakrab., Fam. Euphorbiaceae India 354. 2007. Glochidion tomentosum Dalz. in Hook.'s J. Bot. Kew Gard. Misc. 2: 38. 1850; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 5: 309. 1887; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 1306(914). 1925; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 374. 1998; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 447. 2005. Glochidion zeylanicum (Gaertn.) A. Juss. var. tomentosum (Dalz.) Chakrab. & Gangop., Journ. Econ. Tax. Bot. 19: 229. 1995, nom. illeg; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 292. 2002.
  Malayalam Name(s): Nellikkapuli
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Trees, to 10 m high, bark brown; blaze pink-red; all parts except often the upper surface of leaves grey, fulvous, brown, or rufous tomentose or densely hirsute. Leaves simple, alternate; stipules lateral; petiole 2-8 mm long, stout, tomentose; lamina 4-26 x 2.5-12 cm, oblong, ovate, oblong-ovate or ovate-lanceolate, sometimes suborbicular, base oblique, round, truncate or cordate, apex apiculate to acuminate or subacute, margin entire, pilose to puberulous on nerves, glabrous above and tomentose beneath; lateral nerves 4-12 pairs, pinnate, prominent, intercostae reticulate, prominent. Flowers unisexual, yellow, in supra axillary or rarely axillary umbels; peduncle adnate to the stem, 8-10 mm long; male flowers: pedicel 5-10 mm long; tepals 3 + 2-3, 1.5-3 x 1-2.5 mm, stamens 5-7, connate by their connectives in a coloum; connectives produced; female flowers: pedicel 2-7 mm long; tepals 3 + 2-3, oblong, ovate to suborbicular or connate and cupular 2-4 mm, with ovate, triangular or deltoid; ovary superior, 4-6 locular; ovules 2 in each cell; styles to 3 mm long, free, subulate or oblong, connivent erect and columnar or conical with 4-6 triangular lobes. Fruit a capsule, 3-6 x 7-12 mm, depressed or subglobose, 4-6 locular, unlobed or obscurely lobed, angled, beaked, hispid; pedicels 2-7 mm long.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: March-May
  District(s): Palakkad, Idukki, Pathanamthitta, Thiruvananthapuram, Wayanad
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Deciduous and evergreen forests, also in grasslands
  Distribution: Western Ghats
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Yellow
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to: Western Ghats
  IUCN status: Endangered (EN)
  Altitude: -1050
  Localities: Kokkara, Vallakkadavu, Parambikulam, Anakkalvayal, Rockpoint, Mananthavady, Thannithode
   
 
   
 
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