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  Glochidion heyneanum
 
  Family: EUPHORBIACEAE
  Citation:  Glochidion heyneanum (Wight & Arn.) Wight, Ic. t. 1908. 1852; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 5: 323. 1887; Chakrab. & Gangop., Journ. Econ. Tax. Bot. 19: 205. 1995; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 292. 2002; N.P.Balakr. & Chakrab., Fam. Euphorbiaceae India 348. 2007. Gynoon heyneanum Wight & Arn., Edinb. New Phil. J. 14: 300. 1833 & in Dietr., Syn. Pl. 5: 388. 1852. Glochidion velutinum Wight, Ic. t. 1907. f.2. 1852; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 5: 322. 1887; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 1307(914). 1925; Ramach. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Cannanore Dist. 419. 1988; Antony, Syst. Stud. Fl. Kottayam Dist. 360. 1989; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 374. 1998.
  Malayalam Name(s): Chathakkadambu, Kayara
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Tomentose trees, to 7 m high, bark brown, rough; branchlets brown Leaves simple, alternate, distichous; stipules lateral; petiole 3-6 mm, slender, tomentose; lamina 3-15 x 1.5-8 cm, elliptic, elliptic-oblong, elliptic-lanceolate or elliptic-ovate, base acute or oblique, apex acute, obtuse or acuminate at apex, margin entire, coriaceous, densely to sparsely puberulous to glabrous above and velvety tomentose beneath; lateral nerves 4-8 pairs, pinnate, prominent, intercostae scalariform, prominent. Flowers unisexual, yellow, solitary or few together in axillary clusters; male flowers: pedicels 5-14 mm long, filiform, tepals 3-3, 1.5-4 x 0.8-2 mm, oblong, lanceolate or oblanceolate, tomentose; stamens 3, 1-2 mm long, connate by their connectives in a column; connectives produced; female flowers: pedicel 1-5 mm long, filiform tomentose; tepals 3+3, oblong, ovate, triangular, lanceolate or linear, densely tomentose; ovary superior, 1-1.5 mm across, subglobose, 3-6 locular; ovules 2 in each cell; style 1-3 mm long, columnar to clavate or occasionally obconic or sometimes free and forming globose mass of connivent lobes; apical lobes 3-6, orbicular, elliptic, oblong or triangular often bilobulate. Fruit a capsule 3-5 x 6-12 mm, depressed, deeply lobed with bilobulate lobes, tomentose; seeds 5-7, 2 x 2.5 mm, grey, smooth; pedicels 5-10 mm long.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: March-November
  District(s): Palakkad, Kottayam, Idukki, Kannur
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Evergreen forests, sholas and grasslands
  Distribution: India, Himalaya, Bangladesh and Myanmar
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Creamy, Yellow
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude: 600-1900
  Localities: Kokkara, Parambikulam, Vengoli, Brahmagiri, Tirunalli, Tolpetty
   
 
   
 
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