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  Garcinia xanthochymus
 
  Family: CLUSIACEAE/GUTTIFERAE
  Citation:  Garcinia xanthochymus Hook.f. ex Anders. in Hook.f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 269. 1874; N.P. Singh in B.D. Sharma & Sanjappa, Fl. India 3: 129. 1993; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 72. 1994; W. Arisdason & P. Daniel in P. Daniel, Fl. Kerala 1: 345. 2005; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 109. 2009. Xanthochymus pictorius Roxb., Pl. Corom. 2: 51. t. 196. 1805, non Garcinia pictoria Roxb. 1832. Xanthochymus tinctorius DC., Prodr. 1: 562. 1824, 'pictorius'. Garcinia tinctoria (DC.) Wight in U.S.D.A. Bur. Pl. Industr. Bull. 137: 50. 1909; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 74(53). 1915. Garcinia pictorius (Roxb.) D. Arcy, Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 67: 998. 1980; Manilal, Fl. Silent Valley 20. 1988.
  Malayalam Name(s): Anavaya, Andoor mavu, Bhaviyam, Monthanpuli, Pinar, Thamalam, Vayirapuli
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Egg tree, Gamboge, Mysore Gamboge, Himalayan Garcinia, Sour Mangosteen, Yellow Mangosteen
  Description: Evergreen trees, to 20 m; bark 6 mm thick, blackish or dark grey, exfoliating in small flakes; blaze creamy-yellow; exudation white turning yellow; branches horizontal, tips drooping; branchlets 4-angular. Leaves simple, opposite, estipulate; petiole 10-30 mm long, angular, rugulose, prominent ligulate projection at base, glabrous; lamina 12-45 x 4-12 cm, linear oblong, oblong or oblong-lanceolate; base cuneate or acute; apex acute or acuminate; margin entire, glabrous, shining, coriaceous; lateral nerves 15-20 pairs, slender, pinnate, arched near the margin forming intramarginal nerves; intercostae reticulate, prominent, secondary laterals prominent. Flowers polygamodioecious, white; male flowers: 1.5 cm across, 4-10 in fascicles, axillary or from the axils of the fallen leaves; pedicels thick, to 2.5 cm long; sepals [4]-5, orbicular-concave, unequal, apex ciliate; petals 5, 8 mm long, orbicular, incurved, spreading, greenish; stamens in 5 broad bundles of 3-5 each, alternating with 5 fleshy glands; anthers bilocular; female flowers: solitary; staminodes few, complanate; ovary ovoid, acuminate, 5 locular, ovules one in each cell; style short; stigmatic rays 5, oblong, spreading, entire. Fruit a berry, yellow, when ripe, 4.5-5.5 x 4-4.5 cm, stigmatic lobes 5; pulp yellow, acidic, seeds 1-2, reniform, 2.5-3 x 2.5 cm, smooth.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: Throughout the year
  District(s): Alappuzha, Thiruvananthapuram, Palakkad, Malappuram
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Mostly cultivated
  Distribution: Indo-Malesia
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): White, Creamy
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude:
  Localities: Walakkad, Ponmudi, Kadakarapally
   
 
   
 
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