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KERALA PLANTS - DVD
5094 plants; 880 exotics; 100 more multiple keys for finding plants; 20,000 more plant images; 6,800 local/trade/common names and more...>>>
   
 
  Garcinia wightii
 
  Family: CLUSIACEAE/GUTTIFERAE
  Citation:  Garcinia wightii Anders. in Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 205. 1874; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 74(53). 1915; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 80. 1984; N.P. Singh in B.D. Sharma & Sanjappa, Fl. India 3: 129. 1993; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 53. 1996; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 26. 1998; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 22. 2002; Mohanan & Sivad., Fl. Agasthyamala 87. 2002; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 72. 2005; W. Arisdason & P. Daniel in P. Daniel, Fl. Kerala 1: 344. 2005.
  Malayalam Name(s): Attukaruka, Kolivala, Pulimaranga
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Trees, to 10 m high, bark 5-6 mm thick, rough, brown, pustular; exudation orange yellow; branchlets 4 angled, glabrous. Leaves simple, opposite, decussate, estipulate; petiole 6-8 mm, slender, glabrous, grooved above; lamina 7.5-14 x 1.2-3 cm, linear, linear-lanceolate or linear-oblong, base acute, decurrent into the petiole, apex acuminate, glabrous, shining, coriaceous; lateral nerves 8-20 pairs, pinnate, slender, ascending, prominent, looped near the margin forming intramarginal nerve, intercostae reticulate, faint. Flowers polygamodioecious, yellow; male flowers: axillary, solitary or often 2-3, sessile; sepals 4, equal, orbicular, concave, thinly coriaceous; petals 4, 4.5-5 x 3.5 mm, yellow, obovate, distinctly concave; stamens 18-20, often united in a column enclosing the tetragonal stylodium, filaments free above, anthers peltate; pistillode tetragonal; female flowers: axillary, solitary, sessile; sepals and petals as in male flowers; ovary superior, almost globular, usually 4-locular, stigmas sessile, large. Fruit a berry, 11-13 x 9-11 mm, subglobose, smooth, pale green with persistent stigma and sepals; seeds 4, 9.5 x 4.5 mm.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: November-March
  District(s): Thiruvananthapuram, Palakkad, Kollam, Idukki, Pathanamthitta, Thrissur
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Along stream banks in evergreen and semi-evergreen forests
  Distribution: Southern Western Ghats
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Yellow
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to: Southern Western Ghats
  IUCN status: Vulnerable (VU)
  Altitude: 700-1200
  Localities: Athirapally, Attathodu, Thenkudippara, Pampa thriveny, Athirumala
   
 
   
 
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