Share web
 
 
 
Home Kerala Plants - DVD Search Kerala Plants Exotic Plants Garden Plants Trees Shrubs Climbers Medicinal Plants
 
KERALA PLANTS
Search Kerala Plants
Exotic Plants
Garden Plants
Trees
Herbs
Shrubs
Climbers
Medicinal Plants
GENERAL
Introduction
Location
Geology & Soil
Climate
Phytogeography
Vegetation
 
KERALA PLANTS - DVD
5094 plants; 880 exotics; 100 more multiple keys for finding plants; 20,000 more plant images; 6,800 local/trade/common names and more...>>>
   
 
  Garcinia rubro-echinata
 
  Family: CLUSIACEAE/GUTTIFERAE
  Citation:  Garcinia rubro-echinata Kosterm., Ceylon J. Biol. Sci. 12: 128. 1977; N.P. Singh in B.D. Sharma & Sanjappa, Fl. India 3: 123. 1993; Sasidh., Fl. Shenduruny WLS 31. 1997; W. Arisdason & P. Daniel in P. Daniel, Fl. Kerala 1: 341. 2005; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 136. 2009. Garcinia echinocarpa sensu Hook.f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 264. 1874, non Thw. 1854; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 73(52). 1915; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 71. 1994; Mohanan & Sivad., Fl. Agasthyamala 83. 2002. Garcinia echinocarpa var. monticola Mahesh., Bull. Bot. Surv. India 6: 126. 1965.
  Malayalam Name(s): Para, Pura
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Evergreen trees, to 20 m high; with cylindrical stilt roots; bark 5-6 mm thick, surface green, mottled with yellow, red and white, smooth, with numerous small lenticels; exudation yellowish-white, sticky; branchlets angular, apically quadrangular, glabrous. Leaves simple, opposite, decussate, estipulate; petiole 10-30 mm, stout, glabrous, ligulate projections at the base prominent, clasping the branch; lamina 8-15 x 3-7.5 cm, obovate, elliptic or oblong-ovate, base cuneate or acute, apex obtuse or subretuse, margin entire, revolute, glabrous, coriaceous; lateral nerves numerous, parallel, close, prominent, looped near the margin forming intramarginal nerve, intercostae obscure. Flowers polygamodioecious, reddish-green, sessile; male flowers: 2-12 in axillary or terminal clusters; sepals 4, red, orbicular, concave; petals 4, pale green, dark green towards tip, almost twice as long as sepals; stamens 12-40, monadelphous, staminal column short, very thick, anthers red; pistillode absent; female flowers: solitary, terminal, slightly larger than male; staminodes uniseriate, connate in to a ring at base; ovary superior, globose, covered with imbricate fleshy scales, 3-4 locular, ovules one in each cell; style short; stigma massive, white, circular, papillate. Fruit a berry, 3-6 x 2.5-4 cm, subglobose or ellipsoid, green to yellow green, covered with pyramidal spines or broad tubercles, crowned by short style and thick stigma; endocarp soft, pulp white, sweet; seeds 1-3 large, oblong, veined, light brown.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: February-July
  District(s): Thiruvananthapuram, Kollam, Wayanad
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Evergreen forests
  Distribution: Western Ghats
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Yellow
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to: Western Ghats
  IUCN status: Vulnerable (VU)
  Altitude: 800-1200
  Localities: Alvarakurichi, Bela, Ponmudi, Athirumala, Agasthyamala slopes
   
 
   
 
Kerala News Online
 
 
 
 
 
Website Hit Counters