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KERALA PLANTS - DVD
5094 plants; 880 exotics; 100 more multiple keys for finding plants; 20,000 more plant images; 6,800 local/trade/common names and more...>>>
   
 
  Garcinia morella
 
  Family: CLUSIACEAE/GUTTIFERAE
  Citation:  Garcinia morella (Gaertn.) Desv. in Lam., Encycl. 3: 701. 1792; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 204. 1874; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 74(52). 1915; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 80. 1984; Manilal, Fl. Silent Valley 20. 1988; Ramach. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Cannanore Dist. 55. 1988; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 71. 1990; N.P. Singh in B.D. Sharma & Sanjappa, Fl. India 3: 119. 1993; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 71. 1994; Subram., Fl. Thenmala Div. 23. 1995; Sasidh. et al., Bot. Stud. Med. Pl. Kerala 22,30. 1996; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 52. 1996; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 69. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 25. 1998; Ravikumar & Ved, Illustr. Field Guide 100 Red Listed Med. Pl. 154. 2000 Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 22. 2002; Mohanan & Sivad., Fl. Agasthyamala 85. 2002; W. Arisdason & P. Daniel in P. Daniel, Fl. Kerala 1: 338. 2005; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 136. 2009. Mangostana morella Gaertn., Fruct. 2: 106. 1790. Garcinia pictoria Roxb., Fl. Ind. 2:627. 1832; W. Arisdason & P. Daniel in P. Daniel, Fl. Kerala 1: 339. 2005. Garcinia gutta Wight, Ic. t. 44. 1840.
  Malayalam Name(s): Chigiri, Daramba, Iravi
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Mysore Gamboge tree, Indian Gamboge tree
  Description: Evergreen trees, to 18 m high, bark 3-10 mm thick, brownish-grey or brown to dark brown, smooth; blaze dark yellow; exudation dark yellow or orange yellow, sticky; branchlets quadrangular, glabrous. Leaves simple, opposite, decussate, 6-16 x 2.5-9 cm, elliptic-obovate or elliptic-oblanceolate, apex obtuse, obtusely acuminate or caudate-acuminate, base acute or cuneate, margin entire, glabrous, coriaceous; lateral nerves 8-16 pairs, pinnate, arched towards the margin forming intramarginal nerve, slender, prominent, intercostae reticulate, faint; petiole 6-15 mm, stout, glabrous, grooved above, thickened, very shortly ligulate at base. Flowers polygamodioecious, reddish, sessile: Male flowers: 2-4 in axillary fascicles or on old wood; sepals 4 orbicular, decussate, outer pairs smaller than the inner, glabrous; petals 4, little larger than sepals, orbicular, veined, concave; stamens 10-12, monadelphous, the filaments combined in to a subquadrangular central column, anthers red, orbicular, plurilocular; pistillode absent. Female flowers: axillary, solitary, larger than male flowers; staminodes 10-12 in a ring round the ovary, connate at the base; ovary superior, greenish, globose, smooth, 4-celled, ovule one in each cell; stigma peltate, sessile, irregularly lobed, tubercled, persistent, margin dentate. Fruit a berry, 1.5-2.5 cm long, subglobose, or globose, smooth, yellowish or light pink, surrounded at the base by persistent sepals, crowned by flat tuberculate round stigmas, pulp sweet, acidic; seeds 2-4, kidney shaped, laterally compressed, dark brown, testa muriculate.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: February-August
  District(s): Palakkad, Kollam, Idukki, Malappuram, Kannur, Thiruvananthapuram, Thrissur, Kozhikkode, Wayanad
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Evergreen and semi-evergreen forests
  Distribution: Indo-Malesia
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Yellow, Creamy
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude: 650-1300
  Localities: Peechi, Vallakkadavu, Arippa, Nadugani ghats, Manthampotty, Parambikulam, Kanthalppara, Aruvanpara, Panoth, Mukkali forests, Silent Valley R. F., Siruvani slopes, Ponmudi, Boneccord, Thalichola, Karuvarakundu, Ettapadappu, Bonaccord, Attayar, Chemungi
   
 
   
 
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