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  Garcinia gummi-gutta var. papilla
 
  Family: CLUSIACEAE/GUTTIFERAE
  Citation:  Garcinia gummi-gutta (L.) Robs. var. papilla (Wight) N.P. Singh in B.D. Sharma & Sanjappa, Fl. India 3: 111. 1993; W. Arisdason & P. Daniel in P. Daniel, Fl. Kerala 1: 337. 2005. Garcinia papilla Wight, Ic. t. 96. 1839; Ansari, Fl. Kasaragod Div. 70. 1985. Garcinia cambogia (Gaertn.) Desr. var. papilla (Wight) Anders., Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 262. 1874.
  Malayalam Name(s):
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Tree, to 25 m tall; bark rugose, grey or dark brown; exudate a yellow gum; branchlets glabrous. Leaves simple, opposite, 7-15 x 2- 7 cm, oblong, elliptic or lanceolate, acute to short-acuminate at apex, cuneate at base, entire at margin; lateral nerves numerous, slender, prominent; petioles channelled, to 2 cm long. Male flowers 3-6 in short axillary fascicles, ca 1.2 cm across, pale white, yellow or yellowish pink; pedicels 7-15 mm long; sepals 4, ovate or obovate, unequal; outer pair 5-6 mm long; the inner 7-8 mm long, coriaceous, fleshy; Petals 4, obovate or oblong, 8-10 mm long, stamens 12-20 or more, inserted on receptacle; filaments ca 0.5 mm long; anthers ca 0.5 mm long, basifixed, dehiscing longitudinally; pistillode absent or minute; stigmatic lobes 3 or 4. Bisexual flowers in fascicles of 1-3, terminal and axillary, 1-1.5 cm across; pedicels 4-6 mm long; sepals and petals as in male ones; stamens 10-20; filaments unequal, connate at base in a ring around ovary or grouped in unequal bundles; ovary subglobose or ovoid, ca 1 mm long, 8-11 sulcate; berries globose, to 7 cm, (4-) 6-8 grooved, mamillate at apex, thick; seeds 6-8, ovoid, compressed, ca 3 cm long, surrounded by a succulent white or red aril.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: February-January
  District(s): Idukki, Wayanad, Kannur
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Evergreen and lower shola forests
  Distribution: South India and Sri Lanka
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Yellow, Red
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: Yes
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude:
  Localities: Karimbam,
   
 
   
 
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