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  Galinsoga parviflora
 
  Family: ASTERACEAE/COMPOSITAE
  Citation:  Galinsoga parviflora Cav., Ic. 3: 41, t. 281. 1796; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 3: 311. 1881; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 711(500). 1921; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 262. 1994; H.J. Chowdhery in Hajra et al., Fl. India 12: 388. 1995; Swarup. et al., Shola For. Kerala 39. 1998; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 201. 1998; Sasidh., Fl. Chinnar WLS 166. 1999; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 283. 2005; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 472. 2009.
  Malayalam Name(s): Mukuthipoovu
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Gallant soldier, Smooth galinsoga, Quick Weed
  Description: Erect branched herbs, 30-40 cm high; stem smooth. Leaves opposite, 3-5 x 2-3 cm, ovate, acute, glabrous, serrate, 3-ribbed from base. Heads 4 x 3 mm, many, in axillary or terminal peduncled cymes; peduncles dichotomous, slender; bracts biseriate, 3 x 2 mm, ovate, acute, glabrous; receptacle paleate. Outer row of flowers ligulate, limb deeply 3-lobed, white. Inner flowers tubular, bisexual; corolla 1.5 mm long, 5-toothed; anthers obtuse at base. Achenes 2 mm long, obovoid, truncate, black, 3-4-angled, scabrid; pappus of 3-4 fimbriate hyaline scales.
  Habit: Herb
  Flowering & Fruiting: December-April
  District(s): Idukki, Pathanamthitta, Thiruvananthapuram, Wayanad
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: In open areas, dry deciduous forests and shola forests
  Distribution: Native of Tropical America
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): White, Yellow
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: Yes
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude: 1800-2000
  Localities: Alampetty, Vellimala, Kakki hills, Devicolam, Boneccord, Ponmudi
   
 
   
 
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