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  Flacourtia jangomas
 
  Family: FLACOURTIACEAE
  Citation:  Flacourtia jangomas (Lour.) Raeusch., Nomencl. Bot. (ed. 3) 290. 1797; R.L. Mitra in B.D. Sharma & N.P. Balakr., Fl. India 2: 403. 1993; N.P. Balakr. in P. Daniel, Fl. Kerala 1: 270. 2005; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 98. 2009; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 125. 2009. Stigmarota jangomas Lour., Fl. Cochinch. 634. 1790. Flacourtia cataphracta Roxb. ex Willd., Sp. Pl. 4: 830. 1806; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 193. 1872; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 54(39). 1919.
  Malayalam Name(s): Loika, Lavalolikka, Luikka
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Puneala plum
  Description: Small trees, 5-10 m high, dioecious; trunk and old branches thornless; young branches with simple or branched thorns, white-lenticelled, puberulous; bark pale brown to copper-red. Leaves alternate, oblong-ovate to lanceolate, rounded to broadly cuneate at base, subserrate or crenate at margin, obtusely long acuminate at apex, 4-9 x 2.5-5 cm, membranous to chartaceous, glabrous, pinkish brown when young; lateral nerves 4 or 5 pairs; petioles 4-7 mm long, glabrescent. Flowers in axillary, subcorymbose racemes; pedicels very slender, 5-10 mm long. Disc faintly lobed, fleshy, white or orange-yellow. Male flowers: Buds globose, ca 2 mm; stamens numerous, free; filaments ca 2.5 mm long, glabrous; anthers ellipsoid, versatile, extrorse; pistillode absent. Female flowers: Buds ovoid, ca 2.5 mm long; ovary flask-shaped to subglobose, incompletely 4-6 loculed by false septa; ovules 2 in each locule; styles as many as locules, connate at base, recurved and 2-lobed at apex; stigmas 4-6, dilated; fruit a berry, subglobose, angled, apiculate, 1.5-2.5 cm across, scarlet red or dark purple when ripe; stylar column persistent, conic, terminating in 4-8 minute stigmatic points; seeds 8-12, flat.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: November-April
  District(s): All Districts
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Cultivated
  Distribution: Widely cultivated in South East Asia and East Africa
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): White, Yellow
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: Yes
  Garden: No
  Edible: Yes
  Vegetable: Yes
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude:
  Localities: Pooyamkutty
   
 
   
 
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