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  Firmiana colorata
  Citation:  Firmiana colorata (Roxb.) R. Br. in Bennett & Brown, Pl. Jav. Rar. 235. 1844; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 107(76). 1915; Ansari, Fl. Kasaragod Div. 80. 1985; Manilal, Fl. Silent Valley 31. 1988; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 88. 1990; K.C. Malick in B.D. Sharma & Sanjappa, Fl. India 3: 420. 1993; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 65. 1996; Sasidh., Fl. Shenduruny WLS 41. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 36. 1998; Pradeep, Fl. Vellarimala 27. 2000; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 32. 2002; Mohanan & Sivad., Fl. Agasthyamala 106. 2002; V. Chithra in P. Daniel, Fl. Kerala 1: 454. 2005; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 162. 2009. Sterculia colorata Roxb., Pl. Corom. t. 25. 1795; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 359. 1874. Sterculia rubicunda Wall. ex Mast., Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 360. 1874.
  Malayalam Name(s): Malamparathi, Kleeni, Kiliyani
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Coloured sterculia
  Description: Deciduous trees, to 25 m high, bole buttressed, bark 20-30 mm thick, grey-black, rough, longitudinally fissured; outer bark dead, corky, inner bark fibrous, creamy white, with radial narrow triangular rays; blaze creamy-yellow, fibrous. Leaves simple, palmately 3-5 lobed, alternate, clustered at the tips of branchlets; stipules free, deciduous; petiole 10-30 cm long, slender, pubescent, swollen at base; lamina 10-36 x 8-29 cm, base cordate or subcordate, lobes oblong, lobe apex acuminate, caudate-acuminate, margin entire, glabrous, coriaceous; 3-8-ribbed from base, palmate, lateral nerves pinnate, prominent, intercostae reticulate, prominent. Flowers bisexual, scarlet, in terminal panicled racemes, clothed with orange-red tomentum; calyx 2 cm long, tubular, covered with stellate tomentum, lobes 5, short; petals absent, gynandrophore slender, bearing about 30 sessile anthers at the rim; carpels 5, superior, free, flask shaped, glabrous, 2 ovules in each carpel; styles short, recurved; stigma acute. Fruit aggregate of 5 follicles, each 6-7.5 cm long, membranous, greenish-pink; seeds 2, ovoid, yellow.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: January-June
  District(s): Palakkad, Kozhikkode, Kasaragode, Idukki, Thiruvananthapuram, Kollam, Thrissur, Wayanad
  Habitat: Semi-evergreen and moist deciduous forests
  Distribution: Indo-Malesia and China
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Red
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude: 600-1100
  Localities: Peechi, Choodal, Sabarimala, Kottayali, Aruvanpara, Taliparamba, Karivara slopes, Mukkail-Anamooli forests, Olichuchattam, Kurisumala
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