Home Kerala Plants - DVD Search Kerala Plants Exotic Plants Garden Plants Trees Shrubs Climbers Medicinal Plants
 
KERALA PLANTS
Search Kerala Plants
Exotic Plants
Garden Plants
Trees
Herbs
Shrubs
Climbers
Medicinal Plants
GENERAL
Introduction
Location
Geology & Soil
Climate
Phytogeography
Vegetation
 
GARDEN PLANTS
Garden Plants Kerala
50 Top Garden Plants
25 Herb Garden Plants
25 Shrub Garden Plants
15 Climber Garden Plants
10 Top Tree Grden Plants
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
   
 
  Firmiana colorata
 
  Family: STERCULIACEAE
  Citation:  Firmiana colorata (Roxb.) R. Br. in Bennett & Brown, Pl. Jav. Rar. 235. 1844; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 107(76). 1915; Ansari, Fl. Kasaragod Div. 80. 1985; Manilal, Fl. Silent Valley 31. 1988; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 88. 1990; K.C. Malick in B.D. Sharma & Sanjappa, Fl. India 3: 420. 1993; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 65. 1996; Sasidh., Fl. Shenduruny WLS 41. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 36. 1998; Pradeep, Fl. Vellarimala 27. 2000; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 32. 2002; Mohanan & Sivad., Fl. Agasthyamala 106. 2002; V. Chithra in P. Daniel, Fl. Kerala 1: 454. 2005; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 162. 2009. Sterculia colorata Roxb., Pl. Corom. t. 25. 1795; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 359. 1874. Sterculia rubicunda Wall. ex Mast., Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 360. 1874.
  Malayalam Name(s): Malamparathi, Kleeni, Kiliyani
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Coloured sterculia
  Description: Deciduous trees, to 25 m high, bole buttressed, bark 20-30 mm thick, grey-black, rough, longitudinally fissured; outer bark dead, corky, inner bark fibrous, creamy white, with radial narrow triangular rays; blaze creamy-yellow, fibrous. Leaves simple, palmately 3-5 lobed, alternate, clustered at the tips of branchlets; stipules free, deciduous; petiole 10-30 cm long, slender, pubescent, swollen at base; lamina 10-36 x 8-29 cm, base cordate or subcordate, lobes oblong, lobe apex acuminate, caudate-acuminate, margin entire, glabrous, coriaceous; 3-8-ribbed from base, palmate, lateral nerves pinnate, prominent, intercostae reticulate, prominent. Flowers bisexual, scarlet, in terminal panicled racemes, clothed with orange-red tomentum; calyx 2 cm long, tubular, covered with stellate tomentum, lobes 5, short; petals absent, gynandrophore slender, bearing about 30 sessile anthers at the rim; carpels 5, superior, free, flask shaped, glabrous, 2 ovules in each carpel; styles short, recurved; stigma acute. Fruit aggregate of 5 follicles, each 6-7.5 cm long, membranous, greenish-pink; seeds 2, ovoid, yellow.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: January-June
  District(s): Palakkad, Kozhikkode, Kasaragode, Idukki, Thiruvananthapuram, Kollam, Thrissur, Wayanad
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Semi-evergreen and moist deciduous forests
  Distribution: Indo-Malesia and China
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Red
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude: 600-1100
  Localities: Peechi, Choodal, Sabarimala, Kottayali, Aruvanpara, Taliparamba, Karivara slopes, Mukkail-Anamooli forests, Olichuchattam, Kurisumala
   
 
   
 
Kerala News Online