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  Ficus virens var. wightiana
 
  Family: MORACEAE
  Citation:  Ficus virens Ait. var. wightiana (Miq.) Chithra in Henry et al., Fl. Tamil Nadu ser. 1, 2: 256. 1987; Sasidh. et al., Bot. Stud. Med. Pl. Kerala 32. 1996; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 396. 1998; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 314. 2002. Urostigma wightianum Miq. in Hook.'s London J. Bot. 6: 566. 1847. Ficus infectoria Roxb. var. wightiana (Miq.) King, Ann. Roy. Bot. Gard. (Calcutta) 1: 63. t.77. 1887; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 1362(953). 1928. Ficus wightiana (Miq.) ex Miq., Ann. Mus. Lugd.-Bat. 3: 286. 1867; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 5: 516. 1888.
  Malayalam Name(s): Cherla
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Deciduous trees, to 20 m high, often epiphytic; aerial roots few, often fluted; bark 10-12 mm thick, surface dark brown, smooth; blaze red; brown; leaves simple, alternate, spiral; stipules 10-12 mm long, lateral, broadly ovate, pubescent; petiole 3.7-6 cm long, slender, glabrous, grooved above, articulated, glandular at apex below; lamina 5-17.5 x 3-10 cm, elliptic, oblong, oblong-ovate or ovate, base round, truncate or subcordate, apex, obtusely acuminate, margin entire, glabrous, coriaceous; 3-ribbed from base, lateral nerves 5-15 pairs, pinnate, prominent, faint towards margin, intercostae reticulate, obscure. Flowers unisexual; inflorescence a syconia, axillary, paired, 1-1.5 cm across, globose, often obconical; peduncle 1-6 mm long, slender, pubescent; basal bracts 3, ovate, acute, persistent; orifice plane, closed by 3 flat apical bracts in a disc 1 mm wide, internal bristles abundant, white, chaffy-vesicular; flowers of 4 kinds; male flowers ostiolar, sessile, in 2-3 rings; tepals 2-3, ovate, acute or shortly gamophyllous; stamen 1; filament 0.5 mm; anther oblong, parallel; female flowers sessile; tepals 3-4, free; ovary superior, 1.2 mm, obovoid, sessile or stalked, red-brown; style filiform, tapering; gall flowers sessile or shortly pedicellate; tepals 3-4, reddish, spathulate to linear-lanceolate, free, ovary sessile or stalked, red-brown. Syconium white and fleshed with pink when ripe; achenes smooth.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: May-August
  District(s): Palakkad, Idukki, Wayanad
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Evergreen and semi-evergreen forests
  Distribution: Peninsular India
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s):
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to: Peninsular India
  IUCN status:
  Altitude:
  Localities: Thannikkudy, Koruthode, Mullakkudy, Kariamchola
   
 
   
 
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