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  Ficus tinctoria ssp. parasitica
  Family: MORACEAE
  Citation:  Ficus tinctoria G. Forst. ssp. parasitica (Koen. ex Willd.) Corner, Gard. Bulll. Singapore 17: 476. 1960; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. Calicut 276. 1982; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 380. 1984; Ansari, Fl. Kasaragod Div. 358. 1985; Ramach. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Cannanore Dist. 433. 1988; Antony, Syst. Stud. Fl. Kottayam Dist. 373. 1989; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 449. 1990; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 430. 1996; Sasidh., Fl. Shenduruny WLS 305. 1997; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 669. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Chinnar WLS 299. 1999; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 314. 2002; Mohanan & Sivad., Fl. Agasthyamala 636. 2002; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 466. 2005; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 666. 2009; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 775. 2009. Ficus parasitica Koenig ex Willd., Mem. Acad. Roy. Sci. Hist. (Berlin) 2: 102. 1798. Ficus gibbosa Blume var. parasitica (Koenig ex Willd.) King, Ann. Roy. Bot. Gard. (Calcutta) 1: t.2,16. 1887; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 5: 497. 1888; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 1365(955). 1928.
  Malayalam Name(s): Itthi, Kallathi, Kallithi
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Small trees, often epiphytic with interlacing aerial roots; bark grey; blaze yellow; exudation milky; branchlets glabrous. Leaves simple, alternate; stipules lateral, to 1.5 cm, lanceolate; petiole 5-10 mm, slender, grooved above, scabrous; lamina 5-12 x 2-5.5 cm, elliptic-ovate or rhomboid, gibbous on one side, base acute or attenuate, apex acute or acuminate, margin entire, gibbous on one side, more or less scabrous, hispid above, coriaceous; 3-ribbed from base, lateral nerves 3-7 pairs, pinnate, prominent beneath, intercostae reticulate, prominent. Flowers unisexual; inflorescence a syconia, dioecious, axillary, usually paired or clustered, rarely solitary, globose; peduncle 1.5-10 mm, slender, scabrous, body scabrous; basal bracts 3, small, closed by several small apical scales; internal bristles minute, abundant; flowers of 4 kinds, male and gall flowers in same receptacle; female in separate; male flowers ostiolar, in 1-2 rows, sessile or pedicellate, oblong; tepals 3-6, free, 0.7-1 mm, white, scabrous, puberulous; stamen 1; filament 0.6 mm long; anther oblong, parallel, mucronate; pistillode present; female flowers sessile; tepals 4, oblong, free, white, scabrous, puberulous; ovary superior, sessile, 1 x 0.8 mm, obovoid-globose, white; style 2 mm, lateral; gall flowers sessile or pedicellate; tepals as in male flowers; ovary 0.5 mm across, globose or 2-lobed; style lateral, short tapering, tip thickened, brown. Syconium yellow when ripe; peduncle to 1.5 cm long; achene 1.5 x 1.2 mm, keeled or not.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: March-April
  District(s): All Districts
  Habitat: Moist deciduous and semi-evergreen forests, also in the plains
  Distribution: Indo-Malesia
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s):
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude: 500-1000
  Localities: Peechi, Sholayar, Choodal, Mavelikkudy, Kuchimudi, Ranni, Kuthuparamba, Tellicherry, Kalliassey, Kumbla, Taliparamba, Agali, Ayyappankovil, Kallamalai, Varadimalai area, Vattapara-Siruvani forests, Eramallur, Arikode, Bonaccord, Athirumala, Chemungi
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