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  Ficus elastica
 
  Family: MORACEAE
  Citation:  Ficus elastica Roxb. ex Hornem., Hort. Bot. Hafn. Suppl. 7. 1819; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 5: 508. 1888; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 1369(956). 1928; Ansari, Fl. Kasaragod Div. 355. 1985. Ficus elastica var. rubra L.H.Bailey & E.Z.Bailey, Hortus Second. 308. 1941.
  Malayalam Name(s):
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Assam rubber, Indian rubbertree
  Description: A large evergreen, glabrous, upto 30 m tall tree with a dense crown and spreading branches without prop roots. Trunk massive, bark greyish or reddish brown, young twigs finely puberulous. Leaves with 2.5-6 (-8) cm long petiole; lamina thick, glossy above, oblong or elliptic, base cuneate, margins entire, apex obtuse with c. 8-10 mm long acumen. Lateral nerves almost parallel, 20-30(-40) pairs, hardly raised beneath, intercostals absent; cystoliths abundant above, few below; stipules very large, 8-25 cm long often rosy to pinkish-brown. Hypanthodia sessile, in extra axillary pairs below the leaves, pale-greenish, subtended by 3 caducous basal bracts, without internal bristles, apical orifice closed by 3-4 apical bracts. Male flowers: pedicellate, dispersed in the interior of receptacle; sepals (3-) 4, ovate, patent. Female flowers: sessile; sepals 4, free, ovary smooth with subterminal style. Figs ovoid-oblong, 10-12 mm long, 6-8 mm across, pale to yellowish brown.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: -February
  District(s): All Districts
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Planted as ornamental tree
  Distribution: Malaysia
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s):
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: Yes
  Garden: Yes
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude:
  Localities: Taliparamba
   
 
   
 
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