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  Ficus dalhousiae
 
  Family: MORACEAE
  Citation:  Ficus dalhousiae Miq. in Hook.'s J. Bot. Kew Gard. Misc. 6: 571. 1854; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 5: 499. 1888; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 1364(954). 1928; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 378. 1984; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 446. 1990; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 428. 1996; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 664. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Chinnar WLS 298. 1999; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 311. 2002.
  Malayalam Name(s): Kallaal
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Trees, to 10 m high, sometimes epiphyte; bark brown, fairly smooth; blaze creamy-pink; exudation milky; aerial roots absent; young shoots softly pubescent. Leaves simple, alternate; stipules to 3 cm long, lateral, ovate-lanceolate, puberulous; petiole 4-10 cm long, stout, not articulated, pubescent; lamina 25-30 x 12-18 cm, ovate or ovate-oblong, base deeply cordate, apex acute or acuminate, margin entire, coriaceous, glabrous above and minutely pubescent beneath; 3-7-ribbed from base, lateral nerves 10-13 pairs, pinnate, prominent; intercostae reticulate, obscure. Flowers unisexual; inflorescence a syconia, in axillary pairs, 1 x 0.8 cm, obovoid, with 3 broad triangular apicular scales, densely pubescent; bracts 3, spreading, broad, triangular, sometimes bifid; peduncle 8 mm long, pubescent; flowers of 4 kinds; male flowers very few, only near the apex of receptacle, sessile, globose; tepals 3, concave, round; stamen 1, connective wide; filament thick, adnate; female flower sessile; perianth gamophyllous; ovary ovoid; style long, lateral; stigma cylindric; gall flowers on thick pedicels, ovary obovoid, smooth; style short. Syconium yellow when ripe.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: December-January
  District(s): Palakkad, Kollam, Idukki, Malappuram, Thrissur
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Dry and moist deciduous forests
  Distribution: Southern Western Ghats
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s):
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to: Southern Western Ghats
  IUCN status:
  Altitude:
  Localities: Peechi, Sivapura, Kariamchola, Mukkali forests, Thiruvizhamkunnu, Saivila
   
 
   
 
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