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  Ficus caulocarpa
 
  Family: MORACEAE
  Citation:  Ficus caulocarpa Miq., Ann. Mus. Lugd.-Bat. 3: 268. 1867; Ansari, Fl. Kasaragod Div. 354. 1985; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 392. 1998; Sasidh. & Jomy., Rheedea 9: 77. 1999. Ficus infectoria Roxb. var. caulocarpa (Miq.) King, Ann. Roy. Bot. Gard. (Calcutta) 1: 63,Pl.79. 1887.
  Malayalam Name(s):
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Large trees with aerial roots, bole buttressed; bark greyish-brown, smooth; blaze dull-yellow; exudation milky; branchlets glabrous. Leaves simple, alternate spiral; stipule 12-15 mm long, lateral, ovate, grey-puberulus; petiole 40-80 mm long, slender, grooved above, swollen at base, articulated, glabrous, deciduous at base of the lamina; lamina 10-19 x 4-10 cm, ovate-oblong or broadly ovate, base round, subcordate or slightly cuneate, apex obtusely acuminate, margin entire, glabrous, coriaceous; 3-ribbed from base; lateral nerves 7-14 pairs, pinnate, slender, obscure; intercostae reticulate, obscure. Flowers unisexual; inflorescence a syconia, 2-8 in the axils of leaf scars and on the twigs just behind; peduncle 1-4 mm long, puberulous, basal bracts 3 free or usually jointed in a glabrous or puberulous disc of 3-4 mm across, splitting into 4-6 lobes, persistent, body subglobose, glabrous, orifice closed by 3 flat or slightly prominent apical bracts, subumbonate on drying; internal bristles chaffy-vesicular, abundant; male flowers ostiolar, in 2-3 rings, sessile; tepals 1-2, saccate-lanceolate, free or jointed; gall flowers sessile or shortly stalked; female flowers sessile; tepals 3-4, reddish-brown, lanceolate or spathulate, free to almost wholly gamophyllous; ovary superior, sessile to shortly stalked, dark red. Syconium 5-8 mm across, white, globose.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: March-May
  District(s): Kasaragode, Idukki
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Semi-evergreen forests
  Distribution: Indo-Malesia to Solomon Islands
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s):
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude:
  Localities: Kokkara, Payyavur
   
 
   
 
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