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10 Top Tree Grden Plants
  Ficus callosa
  Family: MORACEAE
  Citation:  Ficus callosa Willd., Mem. Acad. Roy. Sci. Hist. (Berlin) 102. 1798; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 5: 516. 1888; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 1364(954). 1928; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. Calicut 276. 1982; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 378. 1984; Ansari, Fl. Kasaragod Div. 354. 1985; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 446. 1990; ; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 428. 1996; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 392. 1998; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 310. 2002; Mohanan & Sivad., Fl. Agasthyamala 631. 2002; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 463. 2005; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 771. 2009.
  Malayalam Name(s): Kadaplavu
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Trees, to 45 m high, bark 10-15 mm thick, surface grey, smooth, lenticellate, fibrous; blaze creamy yellow, latex watery turning yellowish-white. Leaves simple, alternate spiral; stipules 15-30 mm long, broadly ovate, pubescent; petiole 25-70 mm long, stout, grooved above, not articulated, glabrous; lamina 10-30 x 7.5-13 cm, elliptic, broadly oblong or ovate-oblong, base round, obtuse or subcordate, apex obtusely acute, round, margin entire, slightly recurved, coriaceous, glabrous, glossy above and scabrid beneath; 3-5-ribbed from base, lateral nerves 5-12 pairs, pinnate, prominent, intercostae reticulate, prominent. Flowers unisexual; inflorescence a syconia, axillary, solitary subglobose, puberulous-scabrid, peduncle to 1.5 cm long, pubescent-scabrid; basal bracts 3, 1.5-4 mm long, broadly ovate, pubescent, persistent, yellow, when ripe, orifice closed with 3 apical bracts separating to show the interval bracts; internal bristles none, receptacle wall thick; flowers of 4 kinds, numerous, scattered, sessile with 2 stamens or pedicellate with 1 stamens; tepals 4-6, red, lanceolate in sessile flowers, spathulate in pedicellate flowers, free, glabrous; filament short, thin; anthers small, ovate; female flowers and gall flowers similar, sessile or pedicellate; tepals 4-6, red, lanceolate, free, glabrous, ovary superior, obovoid; style elongate; stigma bifid. Syconium greenish-yellow when ripe, 2.5 cm across; basal bracts yellow; achene oblong, slightly keeled.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: March-April
  District(s): Thiruvananthapuram, Palakkad, Idukki, Kasaragode, Kollam, Pathanamthitta, Kozhikkode, Wayanad, Thrissur, Malappuram
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Semi-evergreen and moist deciduous forests, also in the plains
  Distribution: Indo-Malesia
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s):
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude: 600-800
  Localities: Peechi, Kokkara, Pezha, Nadugani ghats, Moozhiar, Taliparamba, Munnar, Kaikatty, Ayyappankovil, Bonaccord
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