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KERALA PLANTS - DVD
5094 plants; 880 exotics; 100 more multiple keys for finding plants; 20,000 more plant images; 6,800 local/trade/common names and more...>>>
   
 
  Ficus benjamina
 
  Family: MORACEAE
  Citation:  Ficus benjamina L., Mant. Pl. 1: 129. 1767; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 5: 508. 1888; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 1367(956). 1928; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 777. 2009.
  Malayalam Name(s): Jili, Vellal
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Benjamin Tree, Golden fig, Java fig, Weeping Fig
  Description: Evergreen trees, aerial roots few; bark grey, smooth; latex milky. Leaves simple, alternate, distichous; stipules 10-12 mm long, paired, lateral, lanceolate; petiole 4-25 mm long, stout, glabrous, glandular at apex below; lamina 3-12 x 1.5-6 cm, elliptic or elliptic-ovate, base round, acute or subcordate, apex acute or acuminate, margin entire, glabrous, coriaceous; lateral nerves 6-18 pairs, parallel, prominent, secondary laterals prominent, intercostae reticulate, faint. Inflorescence a syconia, 8-12 x 7-10 mm, axillary, sessile, paired, globose or subobovoid; basal bracts 2-3, minute, ovate; orifice circular, slightly raised, closed by 3 apical bracts; internal bristles absent; flowers unisexual, of 4 kinds; male flowers : abundant, disperse; pedicels 0.8-2 mm; tepals 3; stamen 1, included; anthers oblong; female flowers : sessile, tepals 3-4; ovary 0.7 mm long, ovate, brownish; style 1.5 mm long, tip curved, dilated, stigmatiferous; gall flowers similar to female flowers but pedicellate. Syconium orange, rarely pink or dark purple; achenes smooth.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: July-December
  District(s): All Districts
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Planted as ornamental tree
  Distribution: India and South China to Solomon Islands
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s):
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: Yes
  Garden: Yes
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude:
  Localities:
   
 
   
 
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