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10 Top Tree Grden Plants
  Ficus beddomei
  Family: MORACEAE
  Citation:  Ficus beddomei King, Ann. Roy. Bot. Gard. (Calcutta) 1: 26. tt. 24 & 81 M. 1887; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 5: 513. 1888; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 1364(954). 1928; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 446. 1990; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 432. 1994; Sasidh. et al., Bot. Stud. Med. Pl. Kerala 24. 1996; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 428. 1996; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 663. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 392. 1998; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 310. 2002; Mohanan & Sivad., Fl. Agasthyamala 630. 2002; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 770. 2009.
  Malayalam Name(s): Chela, Thavittaal
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Evergreen trees, epiphytic or independent, to 30 m high; aerial roots none; bark pale brown, smooth; exudation milky white. Leaves simple, alternate, 15-25 x 8-15 cm, broadly ovate, apex caudate acuminate, base acute, truncate or round, margin entire, slightly undulate, glabrous, coriaceous; stipules 5-10 cm long, lateral, leafy, golden yellow, glabrous, leaving an annular scar; 3-ribbed from base; lateral nerves 10-15 pairs, parallel, prominent, looped near the margin, intercostae reticulate, obscure; petiole 5-10 cm long, stout, grooved above, glandular at apex below, glabrous. Flowers unisexual; inflorescence a syconia, in axillary pairs, ovoid or obovoid, with several vertical ridges, green, glabrous; peduncle 1.5-2 cm long, stout, angled; basal bracts 3, 6-7 x 3-4 mm, ovate-lanceolate, shortly connate, reflexed, persistent; orifice slightly raised, internal bristles linear, glabrous; fig wall thick; flowers of 4 kinds; male flowers mixed with female through out the receptacle; pedicel short; perianth cupular, 2-3 lobed, lobes unequal, brownish, glabrous; stamen 1; filament twisted, 2 mm, decurrent with the stalk of the ovary; anther 2-celled, 2 mm; female and gall flowers similar; pedicel short; tepals 4-5, lanceolate, unequal, brownish, glabrous, ovary 2 x 1.5 mm, superior, globose obovoid, blackish-brown on stylar side; style straight or curved, 2 mm, tapering. Syconium 1.5-2.5 cm across, green, spotted with yellow when ripe; achenes 2.5 x 1.8 mm, obovoid, smooth.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: July-February
  District(s): Palakkad, Idukki, Malappuram, Thiruvananthapuram, Thrissur, Wayanad, Kozhikkode, Kannur
  Habitat: Semi-evergreen forests
  Distribution: Western Ghats
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s):
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to: Western Ghats
  IUCN status:
  Localities: Vazhachal, Uppupara, Pooppara, Velayudhankayi, Nadugani ghats, near Cheeyapara falls, Ayyappankovil-Kaikatty area, Karappa, Mukkali forests, Ponmudi, Boneccord, Thalichola, Karuvarakundu
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