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  Fibraurea darshanii
 
  Family: MENISPERMACEAE
  Citation:  Fibraurea darshanii Udayan & Ravikumar, Rheedea 17: 9. 2007.
  Malayalam Name(s):
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Woody dioecious climbers, branches with prominent leaf scars; bark smooth, shining, papery, peeling off in scales; stem up to 6 cm thick. Leaves alternate, often 2 or more in older stems, 5.5-13.5 x 2-4.5 cm, ovate to elliptic-lanceolate, coriaceous, glabrous, acuminate at apex, truncate at base, entire, basally 3 nerved, lateral pair intramarginal, running up to the tip of lamina, distinctly looping along the margin; lateral nerves 4-7 pairs; petiole slender, slightly swollen and geniculate at base, 2-8 cm long, often drying blackish at least at swollen base. Flowers monoecious. Male inflorescence condensed umbellate racemes on old stems, 6-10 cm long; peduncles 4-8 cm long; flowers 30-60, rarely distichous; pedicels 1.5-2 mm long, puberulous; bracts 3, minute; perianth sepaloid (3+3), outer 3 minute; c. 0.5 mm long; inner 3, triangular-ovate, c. 3 mm long, glabrous, reflexed at anthesis, greenish-yellow, puberulous; petals absent; stamens usually 6, rarely 5 or 7, each c. 4 mm long; filaments broad, columnar, c. 3.5 mm long, glabrous, whitish-yellow; anthers ovate, c. 0.5 mm long, partially immersed in the column, whitish-yellow turning black. Female inflorescence compound elongated racemes on old stems, up to 12 cm long; peduncles c. 6 cm long; female flowers many, pedicel about 1 mm long, glabrous; bracts 3, minute, c. 0.5 mm long, perianth lobes 3, triangular-ovate, c. 2.5 mm long, greenish-yellow, glabrous; staminodes 6, subulate, c. 1.5 mm long; carpels 3, ellipsoid, c. 1.5 mm long; stigma sessile, 3-cleft. Infructescences up to 15 cm long. Drupes 3 together, oblong, terete, c. 2 x 1.5 cm, yellow to orange-red, on knob-like carpophore with terminal stylar scar; fruiting pedicels 1.5-2 cm long; seeds oblong, sub-ellipsoid, dorsally convex, ventrally narrow-grooved lengthwise, reniform in cross section; endocarps 1-2 cm long, hard, rigid; endosperm abundant, horny.
  Habit: Climber
  Flowering & Fruiting: January-April
  District(s): Kozhikkode, Thrissur
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Semi-evergreen forests
  Distribution: Southern Western Ghats
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s):
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to: Kerala
  IUCN status:
  Altitude: 200-600
  Localities:
   
 
   
 
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