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GARDEN PLANTS
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  Falconeria insignis
 
  Family: EUPHORBIACEAE
  Citation:  Falconeria insignis Royle, Bot. Himal. Mts. 354. t.98. f.2. 1839; N.P.Balakr. & Chakrab., Fam. Euphorbiaceae India 292. 2007; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 738. 2009. Sapium insigne (Royle) Benth. in Benth. & Hook. f., Gen. Pl. 3: 335. 1880; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 5: 471. 1888; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 1346(941). 1925; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. Calicut 270. 1982; Ansari, Fl. Kasaragod Div. 346. 1985; Manilal, Fl. Silent Valley 254. 1988; Babu, Fl. Malappuram Dist. 738. 1990; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 437. 1990; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 413. 1996; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 380. 1998; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 298. 2002; Mohanan & Sivad., Fl. Agasthyamala 620. 2002. Falconeria malabarica Wight, Ic. t. 1866. 1852.
  Malayalam Name(s): Kalmaram, Kannampotti
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Tiger's Milk Spruce
  Description: Deciduous monoecious trees, to 15 m high; exudation milky; branchlets stout, terete. Leaves simple, alternate, petiole 10-50 mm, slender glabrous, with 2 conspicuous glands at the apex; lamina 7-20 x 2.5-7 cm, elliptic-oblong, elliptic-ovate or obovate, base acute, apex acuminate, margin crenate, membranous, glabrous; lateral nerves 10-18 pairs, pinnate, prominent beneath, intercostae reticulate, prominent. Flowers unisexual, reddish, in terminal spikes, male flowers above, female ones below or in separate spikes; bracts 2, orbicular; male flowers: many in each bracts; bracteoles linear; tepals 2, orbicular, concave, stamens 2, free, exserted; female flowers: solitary in each bract; bracteoles concave imbricate, basally connate, mucronate; tepals 2, ovate, acuminate; ovary superior, ovoid, glabrous, 3-locular, ovules 1 in each cell, pendulous; styles 2-3; stigmas 3, subsessile, recurved. Fruit a capsule, loculicidal, fleshy, subglobose; seeds 3, globose, smooth.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: January-February
  District(s): Palakkad, Kasaragode, Idukki, Thiruvananthapuram, Malappuram, Kozhikkode, Thrissur, Wayanad
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Evergreen forests
  Distribution: Indo-Malesia
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Green, Yellow
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude: 800-1000
  Localities: Ponmudi, Arjunankotta, Karimala, Damsite, Taliparamba, Ayyappankovil, Peradala, Athirumala
   
 
   
 
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