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  Excoecaria agallocha
  Citation:  Excoecaria agallocha L., Sp. Pl. 1451. 1763; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 5: 472. 1888; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 1344(941). 1925; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. Calicut 270. 1982; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 366. 1984; Ansari, Fl. Kasaragod Div. 339. 1985; Ramach. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Cannanore Dist. 417. 1988; Babu, Fl. Malappuram Dist. 715. 1990; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 416. 1994; Chakrab. & Gangop., Journ. Econ. Tax. Bot. 18: 198. 1994; Anupama & Sivad., Rheedea 14: 27. 2004; N.P.Balakr. & Chakrab., Fam. Euphorbiaceae India 289. 2007; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 633. 2009. Stillingia agallocha (L.) Baill., Etud. Gen. Euph. 518. 1858.
  Malayalam Name(s): Komatti, Kammetti, Kannampotti
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Blinding tree
  Description: Trees to 10 m high, bark grey, smooth; branchlets 2-5 mm thick, brownish or greyish. Leaves simple, alternate; stipules lateral, minute; petiole 10-30 mm long, slender, glabrous; lamina 3-13 x 1.5-5 cm, elliptic, oblong-lanceolate or ovate-lanceolate, base acute, obtuse or round, apex acuminate or acute, margin crenulate-serrulate or entire, glabrous, glossy above, coriaceous; lateral nerves 5-10 pairs, pinnate, slender, prominent, intercostae reticulate, prominent. Flowers unisexual, pale green; male flowers: in axillary spikes of 3.5-12.5 cm long, 2-3 together in an axil with a series of spirally arranged bracts; each bract subtending one male flower: bracteoles narrow, on with either side of the flower, lacinate, large glands on either side, sessile; tepals 3, 1.5 × 1 mm, lacinate; stamens 3, yellow; filaments free, to 2 mm long; anthers basifixed; female flowers: in axillary racemes of 4-8 cm long, 1-2 in each axil; pedicel 3 mm long; bracteoles as in male flower; tepals 3, 1.5 × 1 mm, lacinate, closely adpressed to the ovary; ovary superior, 1-1.5 mm across, tricarpellary, ovules one in each locule, pendulous; styles 3, simple, stout, spreading, spreading, recurved; stigma 3, glandular. Fruit a capsule 4-5 x 8-10 mm, depressed globose, crustaceous, 3-celled, black; pedicels 3-5 mm long; seeds 3, globose.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: November-February
  District(s): Alappuzha, Kasaragode, Kollam, Thiruvananthapuram, Malappuram, Kozhikkode, Thrissur, Ernakulam, Kannur
  Habitat: Banks of backwaters and mangrove forests
  Distribution: Indo-Malesia to Australia and Pacific islands
  Aquatic: Yes
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Green, Yellow
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Localities: Cannanore, Tellicherry, Kumbla, Payyanur, Taliparamba, Anjengu areas, Chirayankil, Kodamthuruthu
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