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  Euonymus indicus
 
  Family: CELASTRACEAE
  Citation:  Euonymus indicus Heyne ex Roxb., Fl. Ind. 2: 409. 1824; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 608. 1875; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 202(146). 1918; Ramach. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Cannanore Dist. 95. 1988; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 115. 1994; Sasidh. et al., Bot. Stud. Med. Pl. Kerala 22,30. 1996; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 106. 1996; Sasidh., Fl. Shenduruny WLS 66. 1997; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 143. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 67. 1998; K. Ramam. in N.P. Singh et al., Fl. India 5: 102. 2000; Pradeep, Fl. Vellarimala 44. 2000; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 65. 2002; Mohanan & Sivad., Fl. Agasthyamala 160. 2002; K. Ramam. & P. Venu in P. Daniel, Fl. Kerala 1: 704. 2005; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 221. 2009. Euonymus goughii Wight, Ic. t. 215. 1839.
  Malayalam Name(s):
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Trees, to 8 m high, bark greyish-brown to dark brown, rough; branchlets terete, yellow, twigs quadrangular. Leaves simple, opposite, decussate, 7-11 x 2-4 cm, elliptic, lanceolate, elliptic-lanceolate, oblong-lanceolate, apex acuminate, base cuneate or acute, margin entire, glabrous, shining above, coriaceous; stipules linear-subulate, cauducous; petiole 5-10 mm, slender, glabrous; lateral nerves 4-5 pairs, pinnate, slender, faint, intercostae reticulate, obscure. Flowers bisexual, yellowish-red, 1 cm across, in 1-3 flowered axillary cymes; peduncles to 3 cm, stout; pedicels to 6 mm, stout. Calyx deeply divided; lobes 5, to 1.5 mm long, fleshy, glabrous. Petals 5, 4 mm long, orbicular-oblong, fimbriate. Stamens 5, inserted on the disc near its margin; filaments short; anthers broad; disc thick, cupular, 5-lobed, fleshy. Ovary angular, sunk in the disc, 5-celled, ovules 2 per cell; style short, thick; stigma minutely lobed. Fruit a capsule, obovoid, 5-angled, orange-yellow, loculicidal, valves deeply obcordate; seeds reddish, oblong with red aril; albumen copious.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: September-March
  District(s): Palakkad, Kozhikkode, Idukki, Malappuram, Kannur, Thiruvananthapuram, Kollam, Thrissur, Wayanad
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Evergreen forests
  Distribution: Western Ghats
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Red
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to: Western Ghats
  IUCN status:
  Altitude: -1000
  Localities: Peechi, Pongumala, Anakuthivayal, Karimala, Brahmagiri, Tirunalli, Varkala, Ampumala, Vellarimala, Attayar
   
 
   
 
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