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  Eulophia pratensis
 
  Family: ORCHIDACEAE
  Citation:  Eulophia pratensis Lindl., J. Proc. Linn. Soc. Bot. 3: 25. 1859; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 6: 4. 1890; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 1435(1003). 1928; Sathish & Manilal, Orchid Memories 189. 2004. Eulophia ramentacea Wight, Ic. t. 1666. 1851, non Lindl.
  Malayalam Name(s):
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Terrestrial herbs, flowering stem appearing before the leaves, 35-50 cm high with a few sheathing scales, slightly swollen at their attachment to the stem; quite glabrous, green or purplish. Leaves long petioled, 25-30 cm long. Racemes to 15 cm long; bracts lanceolate, acute, 1 cm long: ovary plus stalk ¾ inch. Sepals elliptic, oblong, yellowish outside, purple inside, five-nerved; lateral sepals attached by their bases to the shortly projecting base of the column, on to which also run the front edges of the two petals. Petals obovate-oblong, yellow, nearly as long as the sepals. Side lobes of lips embracing the column, each as wide as the middle lobe: middle lobe with three or four crested ridges running towards the opening of the short, triangular, backward pointing spur. Column deeply grooved, with the sides meeting across the middle at the top; rostellum sloping downwards. Anther cap with a short projecting point, quite free. Pollinia two, attached by thin elastic bands to the removable part of the rostellum, globose. Capsule 3 cm long, elliptic, turgid.
  Habit: Herb
  Flowering & Fruiting: March-April
  District(s): Idukki
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Grasslands
  Distribution: Peninsular India
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Yellow
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Monocotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to: Peninsular India
  IUCN status:
  Altitude:
  Localities: Kumarikulam
   
 
   
 
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