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  Erythroxylum moonii
 
  Family: ERYTHROXYLACEAE
  Citation:  Erythroxylum moonii Hochr., Bull. Inst. Bot. Buit. 22: 54. 1905; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 97. 1990; U. Chatterjee & B.D. Sharma in B.D. Sharma & Sanjappa, Fl. India 3: 593. 1993; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 94. 1994; Sasidh. et al., Bot. Stud. Med. Pl. Kerala 22,31. 1996; Mohanan & Sivad., Fl. Agasthyamala 123. 2002; V.P. Prasad in P. Daniel, Fl. Kerala 1: 511. 2005; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 175. 2009. Sethia acuminata Arn., Nov. Acta Phys. Med. Acad. Caes. Leop. Carol. Nat. Cur. 18:324. 1836. Erythroxylum acuminatum (Arn.) Walp., Rep. 1: 407. 1842, non Ruiz. & Pav. 1802; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 127(91). 1915. Erythroxylum lucidum Moon ex Hook.f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 415. 1874, non HBK 1821.
  Malayalam Name(s): Pookkoli
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Large shrub or small tree, 3-6 m high. Leaves lanceolate or elliptic, cuneate to obtuse at base, caudate-acuminate at apex, 4-15 x 1.5-4 cm. Petioles 2-5 mm long; midnerve very prominent beneath, sunken but distinct above; lateral nerves 7-13 pairs, faint on both surfaces; stipules lanceolate, acuminate at apex, ca 5 mm long, longer than or as long as petiole, caducous leaving a distinct usually oblique scar. Flower axillary, solitary, pendulous, white or greenish to yellowish white; pedicel ca 5 mm long, elongating to ca 1.2 cm in fruit swollen below calyx. Calyx lobes ovate, acute at apex, ca 1.5 mm long. Petals oblong, obtuse at apex, ca 3.5 x 1.5 mm. Stamens equal; staminal tube ca 2 mm long. Ovary ca 2 x 1 mm; styles ca 2.5 mm long, free; stigma depressed-capitate. Drupes oblong, often slightly curved, ca 1.5 x 0.3 cm, longitudinally ridged, pink when mature.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: February-May
  District(s): Palakkad, Thiruvananthapuram, Wayanad, Kozhikkode
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Evergreen forests
  Distribution: South India and Sri Lanka
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): White, Green
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude: 1000-1700
  Localities: Pathenthode, Silent Valley R. F., Boneccord, Chemungi, Athirumala, Pongalapara, Agasthyamala
   
 
   
 
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