Share web
Home Kerala Plants - DVD Search Kerala Plants Exotic Plants Garden Plants Trees Shrubs Climbers Medicinal Plants
Search Kerala Plants
Exotic Plants
Garden Plants
Medicinal Plants
Geology & Soil
5094 plants; 880 exotics; 100 more multiple keys for finding plants; 20,000 more plant images; 6,800 local/trade/common names and more...>>>
  Erythrina variegata
  Family: FABACEAE/LEGUMINOSAE (Subfam.: Papilionoideae)
  Citation:  Erythrina variegata L. in Stickman, Herb. Amboin. 10. 1754; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 161. 1990; Sanjappa, Legumes Ind. 173. 1992; Subram., Fl. Thenmala Div. 105. 1995. 1995; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 291. 2009. Erythrina variegata L. var. orientalis (L.) Merr., Interpr. Herb. Amboin. 276. 1917; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. Calicut 90. 1982; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 150. 1984; Antony, Syst. Stud. Fl. Kottayam Dist. 131. 1989; Babu, Fl. Malappuram Dist. 186. 1990; Sanjappa, Legumes Ind. 173. 1992; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 143. 1996; Sasidh., Fl. Chinnar WLS 97. 1999; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 94. 2002; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 224. 2009. Erythrina indica Lam., Encycl. 2: 391. 1786; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 2: 188. 1876; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 353(249). 1918; Ramach. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Cannanore Dist. 142. 1988.
  Malayalam Name(s): Kalyana, Mullumurukku, Murukku
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Indian coral tree, Tiger's claw
  Description: Deciduous trees; bark yellowish or greenish-grey, smooth, peeling off in papery flakes; prickles black on branches, falling after a few years. Leaves trifoliate, alternate, leaflet 10-13.5 x 8.5-12.5 cm, widely ovate, rhomboid or deltoid-ovate, apex acuminate, base truncate or obtuse, margin entire, glabrous, membranous; stipules small, lateral; rachis 17-21 cm, slender, pulvinate, glabrous; stipels gland-like; petiolule 7-10 mm, stout, glabrous; 3 ribbed from base; lateral nerves 4-7 pairs, pinnate, prominent, ascending, intercostae reticulate, faint. Flowers bisexual, bright red, in dense racemes. Calyx spathaceous, oblique, recurved, split to the base on one side, 5-toothed at the tip. Petals 5, sessile ; standard 6.5×2.5 cm, oblong-elliptic, apex obtuse ; wings 1.5 x 1 cm, obovate ; keel 1. 5 x 1.7 cm, oblong-falcate, free. Stamens 10, monadelphous, alternately longer and shorter, vexillary filament free; anthers uniform. Ovary stipitate, inferior, pubescent,1-celled, ovules many; style curved, subulate at the apex, not bearded; stigma capitate. Fruit a pod 15-30.5 cm long, torulose, constricted between seeds, dehiscent; seeds 6-8.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: March-April
  District(s): All Districts
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Dry deciduous forests, widely grown as pepper stand and for fencing
  Distribution: Indo-Malesia, China and Africa
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Red
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Localities: Churullipetty, Muthalakkuzhi, Nedumpoyil, Kaikatty forests-Pothundy, Madakkal, Pooyamkutty, Thenmalai
Kerala News Online
Website Hit Counters