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  Erythrina subumbrans
 
  Family: FABACEAE/LEGUMINOSAE (Subfam.: Papilionoideae)
  Citation:  Erythrina subumbrans (Hassk.) Merr., Philipp. J. Sci. 5: 113. 1910; Ramach. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Cannanore Dist. 143. 1988; Sanjappa, Legumes Ind. 173. 1992; Subram., Fl. Thenmala Div. 106. 1995; Sasidh., Fl. Shenduruny WLS 96. 1997; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 143. 1996; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 212. 1997; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 290. 2009. Hypaphorus subumbrans Hassk., Hort. Bogor. Desc. 198. 1858. Erythrina lithosperma Blume ex Miq., Fl. Ind. Bat. 1: 209. 1859; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 2: 190. 1876. Erythrina mysorensis Gamble, Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1919: 222. 1919 & Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 354(250). 1919; Subram., Indian For. 96:527-529.1970.
  Malayalam Name(s): Mullillamurikku, Venmurukku
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Trees, to 15 m high; branchlets terete, glabrous. Leaves trifoliate, alternate; stipules small, lateral, cup-shaped, deciduous; rachis 10.5-17.5 cm long, slender, glabrous, pulvinate; stipels gland-like; petiolule to 10 mm long, opposite, slender, glabrous; lamina 8-16 x 3.8-10.5, terminal leaflets broadly elliptic-obovate or rhomboid, lateral leaflets elliptic-ovate or ovate, base obtuse, apex acuminate, margin entire, glabrous, chartaceous; 3-ribbed from the base, lateral nerves 5-9 pairs, pinnate, prominent, intercostae scalariform. Flowers bisexual, 3 cm long, orange-red, in terminal pyramidal racemes to 10 cm long; bracts and bracteoles lanceolate; calyx erect, split halfway down; tube 4 mm, 2-lipped; lobes 4 mm; standard petals 2.5-3.5 cm long, oblanceolate; wings and keel about 1.5 cm long, keel petals free; stamens 9 +1, diadelphous, sheath 1.5 cm, alternately long and short; anthers uniform; ovary half inferior, stipitate, ovules many; style curved, subulate; stigma capitate. Fruit a pod, 8-12 x 1.5-2 cm, narrow-oblong, turgid, proximate half seedless, distal half with 1-5 seeds.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: January-May
  District(s): Idukki, Malappuram, Kannur, Kollam, Thrissur, Wayanad
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Grown as shade tree in coffee plantations, also getting established in degraded evergreen forests
  Distribution: Originally from Malesia; now common along Western Ghats
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Red
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: Yes
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude:
  Localities: Kallar, on way to Kannoth, Munnaimail, Nadugani ghats, Ettapadappu
   
 
   
 
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